Germany

Article

November 30, 2021

Germany (German: Deutschland Deutschland) is officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland). It is a democratic federal republic located in the center of western Europe. It consists of 16 states, covering an area of ​​357,021 square kilometers (137,847 sq mi), and is characterized by its mild seasonal climate. Germany is the most populous European country with more than 82 million people, and is one of the most powerful and influential countries in the European Union. Berlin is its largest city, the capital and the seat of power in it, and it is also the largest city in the European Union. The political system is federal, federal, and takes the form of a parliamentary republic. Germany is divided into sixteen federal territories, each with its own sovereignty and local government. Germany is located in central Europe, bordered on the north by: the North Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea, on the south: Austria and Switzerland, on the east: Poland and the Czech Republic, and on the west: France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands. Germany covers an area of ​​357,021 square kilometers and has a population of 82,800,000 people. It is the most numerous and densely populated country in the European Union and is also the third largest country in terms of the number of immigrants to it. Germany formed a central part in the Holy Roman Empire, which lasted until 1806 AD, and during the century XVI North Germany became the center of the Protestant Reformation. After World War II, Germany was divided into two parts: East Germany and West Germany. They were reunited in 1990. In 1957 West Germany became a founding member of the European Common Market, which in 1993 became the European Union. In 1999, Germany's currency became the Euro (German: Euro Euro) and it became one of the European countries belonging to the Schengen Agreement, which allows residents of European countries belonging to this agreement to move from and to without a visa and without border control. Germany established the social insurance system as a step in a series of measures to develop the living standards of its residents. It also has a distinguished position in European relations, in addition to maintaining strong partnerships at the global level. Germany is also one of the leading countries in medical sciences, engineering, technology and modern technologies. A member of the United Nations, NATO, the Group of Eight and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, it is a major economic power as it is the largest exporter of goods and the second largest importer of them in the world.

Etymology

English name "Germa ."

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