January 20, 2022
Spain (Spanish: España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de España) is a member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Its mainland is bordered on the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land border with the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar. It is bordered to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay, to the northwest and west by the Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic off the African coast, and two autonomous cities in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla. Furthermore, the Spanish municipality of Lévia lies as an enclave within French territory. With an area of 504,030 km², it is the second largest country in terms of area in Western Europe and the European Union after France. Because of its location, Spain underwent many external influences from prehistoric times until its emergence as a state. Spain emerged as a unified country in the 15th century, after the Catholic kingdoms united and took control of the entire Iberian Peninsula in 1492. On the other hand, Spain was an important source of influence in other regions during modern times, when it became a global empire that left a legacy of more than 500 million speakers Spanish, making it the second most widely used mother tongue. Spain is a democracy with a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. Spain is also one of the developed countries, as its economy is the ninth largest in the world in terms of nominal GDP, and the standards of living are very high and is located (20th on the Human Development Index), and also in the tenth place in terms of quality of life in the world in 2005. Spain is a member of the United Nations, the European Union, NATO, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Trade Organization.