January 20, 2022

England is the largest country in the United Kingdom and shares land borders with Scotland in the north, Wales in the west, the Irish Sea in the northwest, the Celtic Sea in the southwest, and the North Sea in the east. The English Channel separates it from the European continent in the south . Mainland England consists of the central and southern parts of the island of Great Britain in the North Atlantic Ocean, and also includes more than 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now known as England was first settled by man in the Paleolithic period, and the word England comes from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that settled during the fifth and sixth centuries AD. England became a unified state in 927 AD, and since the Age of Discovery, which began in the fifteenth century, its cultural and legal influence has gradually spread across the entire world. Where the English language, the Anglican Church, and English law (which is the basis of the common law legislative system in many countries around the world) originated in it, and its parliamentary and governmental system is widely accepted by other countries. England was the cradle of the industrial revolution that began in the eighteenth century, and turned the country into the first industrialized nation in the world, and the Royal Society laid the foundations for modern experimental sciences. Most of the territory of England is plain, although there are some high areas in the north (for example: in Lake County , Pennines and Yorkshire Moors) and in the South and Southwest (eg: Dartmoor, Cotswolds, North and South Downs). The capital of England is London and it is the largest urban area in the United Kingdom and the largest metropolitan area in the European Union by all accounts. England's population of about 51 million, constitutes about 84% of the population of the United Kingdom in general and is largely concentrated in London, the South East of England and the urban communities of Central, North West, North East and Yorkshire which were established as a major industrial region during the nineteenth century. The Kingdom of England - including Wales - was independent until 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union began to implement the terms agreed upon in the Treaty of Union with the Kingdom of Scotland concluded a year earlier, which led to a political union in the name of the Kingdom of Great Britain . In the year 1800, Great Britain united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Union Act, resulting in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 Ireland separated from it

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