January 20, 2022

Assassination is a term used to describe an organized and premeditated killing operation targeting an important figure with an ideological, political, military or leadership influence. The assassination operation is usually based on ideological, political, economic or revenge reasons targeting a specific person considered by the organizers of the assassination as an obstacle to them in the way of a wider spread of their ideas or goals. The size of the organization of the assassination ranges from only one person to giant institutions and governments, and there is no consensus on the use of the term assassination. What sympathizers with the victim consider an assassination may be considered by the organizer as a heroic act, and what increases in trying to establish an accurate definition of the assassination is complicated by the fact that some operations The assassination may have its causes and motives, psychological disorders of the person behind the assassination attempt, and not an ideological or political reason. The best example of this type is the assassination of John Lennon by Mark David Chapman on January 21, 1981 and the attempted assassination of former US President Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley Jr. on March 30, 1981 who He later stated that he carried out the operation out of admiration for actress Jodie Foster and an attempt to attract her attention. The term assassination is sometimes used in a literary context to describe a state of injustice and oppression rather than actual killing, such as using the expression “thought assassination” or “case assassination” or “national assassination.” Or "the assassination of innocence" and other metaphors. The English word for the term Assassination is derived from the Jama'at al-Da'wa al-Jadeeda, or Hashshashin, who were an active Nizari Ismaili sect that existed from the eighth to the fourteenth centuries. There is much controversy about this group. In some sources, the Italian traveler Marco Polo (1254 - 1324) was the first to call this group the Assassins when he visited their famous stronghold of Alamut Castle, 100 km from Tehran. He stated that this group was carrying out suicide operations and assassinations under the influence of their use of cannabis, while some believe that this story is a fabrication and a mistranslation of the name of the leader of the castle, Hassan bin Sabah, nicknamed Sheikh of the Mountain, regardless of these historical contradictions, this group carried out assassinations in a highly organized and accurate against The Crusaders, the Abbasids and the Seljuks, and they continued in this way until the Mongols destroyed them. The earliest literary use of the word Assassination in English dates back to 1605, when it appeared in William Shakespeare's Macbeth.

Assassinations in ancient history

For religious scriptures, assassination is an ancient process

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