United nations


January 24, 2022

The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among states, achieve international cooperation, and form a center for coordinating the actions of states. It is the largest and most famous international organization in the world. The headquarters of the United Nations is located on international territory (domestic immunity) in New York City, with other major offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. The United Nations was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the useless League of Nations. Fifty governments met in San Francisco on April 25, 1945, for the conference, and began drafting the Charter of the United Nations, which was adopted on June 25, 1945, and entered into force on October 24, 1945, when the United Nations began operations. The objectives of the organization in accordance with the Charter include maintaining international peace and security, preserving human rights, providing humanitarian assistance, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law. The number of member states when it was established was 51, and they became 193 countries with the accession of South Sudan in 2011. They represent almost all the sovereign states in the world. The mission of the organization in maintaining world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the United States, the Soviet Union and their allies. . Its missions consisted primarily of unarmed military observers and lightly armed forces, and were primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building missions. Membership of the United Nations has grown significantly after widespread decolonization, since the 1960s. 80 former colonies have since gained independence, including 11 Trust Territories that have been monitored by the United Nations Trusteeship Council. By the 1970s the United Nations budget for economic and social development programs far exceeded spending on peacekeeping. The United Nations transformed and expanded its field operations after the end of the Cold War, undertaking a variety of complex tasks. The United Nations is made up of six major organs: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the United Nations Secretariat United. The United Nations system includes many specialized agencies, funds and programs such as the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO and UNICEF. Non-governmental organizations may also be granted consultative status with the Economic and Social Council and other agencies to participate in the work of the United Nations. count

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