Kazakhstan protests 2022


January 20, 2022

Kazakhstan protests 2022 The protests erupted in Kazakhstan on January 2, 2022 after the sudden sharp increase in gas prices which according to the Kazakh government was due to high demand and price stabilization. The protests began in the oil town of Zhanazin, but soon spread to other cities, including the largest city of Almaty. In response, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev imposed a state of emergency in the Mangistau and Almaty regions from January 5 to January 19. The demonstrators moved from economic demands to political ones, around the resignation of the government, the resignation of President Tokayev, the removal of immunity and the resignation from politics of the country's first 81-year-old president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, who at the time the protests began held the posts of head of the Kazakh Security Council and member of the Constitutional Council Kazakh. As a concession, President Tokayev said the car fuel price ceiling of 50 tenge per liter has been restored for 6 months. On January 7, he said in a statement, "Constitutional order has been largely restored in all regions of the country." He also announced that he had ordered forces to use lethal force against protesters, authorized instructions to "shoot to kill" without warning anyone demonstrating, and described protesters as "bandits and terrorists" and said the use of force would continue to "destroy the protests." January 10 The government declared a day of mourning for the victims of the protests. On January 11, Tokayev said that order had been restored in Kazakhstan and the protests had ended. He announced that the CSTO forces will begin to withdraw from the country on January 13, and will be withdrawn completely in the next ten days. In a speech to Parliament over the past few days, he acknowledged public discontent with income inequality and criticized Nazarbayev and his comrades for their wealth. He also nominated a new prime minister Alihan Smailov. International flights to and from the country's capital, Nur-Sultan, have been resumed.


Zhanazin, an oil-producing city, faced a series of labor strikes and demonstrations throughout present-day Kazakhstan. In 2011, riots broke out in the city amidst the 20th anniversary of Independence Day, killing 16 people and wounding 100 others, according to official figures, as Kazakh security forces opened fire on protesters who demanded better working conditions. During that time the price of LNG was around 30-35 tenge, which has risen repeatedly since then. In January 2020, a protest was held in Zhanaozen where the city's residents demanded a reduction in the price of gas, which had risen from 55 to 65 tenge. At 1 yen

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