Galilee (area)

Article

May 25, 2022

The Galilee (Hebrew: הגָלִיל) is a geographical area in the eastern Mediterranean in the north of occupied Palestine (1948 AD) and one of its largest cities is Nazareth, Safed and Acre. Administratively, most of the lands of Galilee today are located in Israel within the Northern District, which also includes the Golan Heights and Haifa District. Demographically, the Arabs of 48 constitute about half of the total population, including Muslims, Christians, and Druze. A Circassian minority lives in the region. As for the rest of the population (about 46.9% according to the 2006 census) they are Jews and they are estimated at about 1.2 million people. Marj bin Amer borders the Galilee region from the south, while to the east it is bordered by the slope of the Golan Heights, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. Topographically, from the historical point of view, the Upper Galilee region extends in the north into Lebanese territory, where the Litani River represents its northern border, but this region is currently considered within the borders of the Israeli part of the region. Traditionally, the region of Galilee is divided into three regions: Upper Galilee (Hebrew: הַגָּלִיל העליון), Lower Galilee (Hebrew: הַגָּלִיל הַתַּחְתּוֹן), and Western Galilee (Hebrew: הַגָּלִיל הַמער). The Galilee region includes some of the most sacred cities and sites in the Christian religion, including the city of Nazareth, where the angel Gabriel announced the birth of Jesus according to Christian beliefs. It is also the city in which he grew up and was attributed to it and Jesus was called Jesus of Nazareth. Besides Cana of Galilee, in which the wedding of Cana of Galilee took place, the first miracles of Jesus of Nazareth, according to Christian beliefs. Mount At-Tur, where the transfiguration took place, the Jordan River, Lake Tiberias, and Capernaum, which contain many Christian pilgrimage sites.

Geography & Climate

The Galilee is generally formed from rocky heights (ranging between 500 and 700 above sea level) covered with greenery, where it contains rivers, forests and trees, and its highest mountains are Mount Tabor and Al Jarmaq. Galilee is considered a tourist and recreation area for many of the country's residents, who are allowed access to it for its scenic views and beautiful trails. In the winter, relatively large amounts of rain and snow fall in the Galilee, especially in the highlands. It is considered one of the most important strategic military areas for Israel, as it overlooks both the Lebanese and Syrian borders. The borders of the Galilee are characterized by a geographical mixture, in the north the Litani River and the south is the Bani Amer plain, while in the east the slopes of the east and the west are the Galilee hills, which are caused by the Alpine ridge after the collision of the European plate with the Arab plate - Street 85 (Al-Krum Plain - Al-Shaghour) is the separation between the upper and lower Galilee.

Galilee areas

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