January 20, 2022

The Philippines (Filipino: Pilipinas [pɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a constitutional republic located in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago of 7,641 islands, bordered by Taiwan to the north via the Luzon Strait, and Vietnam to the west via the South China Sea. The Sulu Sea in the southwest separates it from the island of Borneo and the Celebes Sea to the south separates it from other islands in Indonesia. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea. It is classified into three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Manila is the capital, while the most densely populated city is Quezon City, and both cities are part of the so-called (Metro Manila). The population of the Philippines is estimated at 92 million people, which puts it 12th in the world by population. It is estimated that there are 11 million Filipino expatriates worldwide. Multiple ethnicities and cultures exist throughout the islands. It has a tropical climate and is one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. The prehistoric Negrito were among the first to inhabit the archipelago. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples who brought with them influences from Malay, Hindu, and Islamic cultures. Chinese influence also entered the country through trade. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interests, which led to their eventual conquest of the country. The Philippines became the Asian center of the Acapulco treasure fleet, the Manila Ship. Christianity spread widely in the country. With the advent of the twentieth century, events followed quickly and in a short period from the Philippine Revolution to the Spanish American War and the Philippine American War. In the aftermath, the United States replaced Spain as the dominant power. Regardless of the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until the end of World War II when the Philippines gained independence. The United States bestowed English on the Philippines and a predilection for Western culture. Since independence, the Philippines has lived an often turbulent democratic experience with political corruption, and movements for people's power get rid of dictatorship while highlighting the constitutional weaknesses in the constitution of the republic in other cases.


The name Philippines is derived from the name of King Philip II of Spain. During his 1542 expedition, the Spanish explorer Rui López de Villalobos named the islands of Leyte and Samar, Filipinas, after the Prince of Asturias (Spain). Eventually the name Philippine Islands (Las ilas philippines) was used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. before this becomes

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