The Caucasus, the Caucasus, the Caucasus, or the Caucasus Country is a geopolitical region located on the borders of Europe and Asia, and is home to the Caucasus Mountains, including the highest mountain in Europe, Mount Elbrus. The Caucasus is often divided into the South Caucasus and the North Caucasus.
The origin of the word is Caucasian, the ancestor of the North Caucasians. Caucasus was the son of Tugarma, the grandson of Japheth, the third son of Noah. According to Linuti Maruvelli, after the fall of the Tower of Babel and the division of mankind into different languages, Togarma settled with his sons: Kartlos, Hayek (Georgian: ჰაოს, haus), Muvakos, Lykos (Lak people), Hiros (Heriti kingdom), Caucasus, Egros (Kingdom of Egrisi) ) between two mountains that are impossible to reach, as they are believed to be Elbrus and Ararat.
Geography and Environment
The Lower Caucasus Mountains are located in the Greater Middle East. These regions are considered the boundary between Europe and Asia, and the Caucasus regions are located in one or both of those two continents. Mount Elbrus is the highest point in the Caucasus with a height of up to 5,642 m in the Western Caucasus in Russia, and the mountain is the highest point in Europe (for those who consider the Caucasus a European).
The Caucasus is the most linguistically and culturally diverse region on Earth. The Caucasus consists of the former Soviet nation-states Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, while the Russian Caucasus consists of Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, Adygea, Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Chechnya, Ingushetia, North Ossetia and Dagestan. The Caucasus also includes three countries that have declared their independence, which are not recognized internationally: Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Karabakh.
The Caucasus is a region of great ecological importance. It contains about 6,400 species of plants, 1,600 of which are native to the Caucasus. Caucasian wildlife includes tigers, brown bears, wolves, European bulls, maral and golden eagles. Among invertebrates, there are about a thousand species of spiders. The landscape includes mixed forest, with areas rich in rocky terrain above woodland. There is also a dog in the Caucasus that is unique in terms of its size and strength, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog (Ovcharka).
The northern part of the Caucasus is called the Caucasus, and the southern part is called the Transcaucasus.
The Cyssagos contains the vast majority of the Great Caucasus Mountains, comprising southwestern Russia and the northern regions of Georgia and Azerbaijan.
The Transcaucasus is bordered on the north by Russia, on the west by the Black Sea and Turkey, on the east by the Caspian Sea, and on the south by Iran. It includes the Caucasus Mountains and the surrounding lowlands, Armenia, Azerbaijan (except for the northern regions) and Gor