English language

Article

November 28, 2021

English is a West Germanic language that appeared in England in the Middle Ages, and in the 21st century AD (15 AH), due to globalization, it became a widespread international language. It is the world's largest language by the number of native speakers, and the third largest language in the world by the number of native speakers after Standard Chinese and Spanish. It is currently estimated that there are more than two billion English speakers. The spread of modern English in the world began in the seventeenth century AD (11 AH) as a result of the global influence of the British Empire and later the United States of America. English is the first foreign language in a number of Arab countries, especially the Arab Mashreq countries, while it is the second foreign language after French in the Maghreb countries. English, contrary to what many believe, did not originate from the Latin language, but is one of the Germanic languages, such as German. All these languages ​​belong to the Indo-European language family. This belief is undoubtedly due to the strong influence of English on the French and its Latin languages, which together contribute two thirds of the English lexicon.

Brief History

The history of the English language on the British island began with the arrival of Germanic tribes starting from the 5th century AD (first before immigration) to replace the original Pulpit tribes that migrated towards the heights in the western part of the island, and the Qalti tongue replaces them. These immigrant tribes were mainly made up of the Anglicans, with whom the English, the Sacs, and the Gutians were named. Their Germanic dialects combined to form the first form of the English language, which in modern times has been called Old English. The Old English language went through important changes after that, first with the arrival of Scandinavian immigrants who spoke Old Norse, a North Germanic language, and secondly with the Normandi invasion of England, which took place in the beginning of the English language (458 A.D. 1066). Old French, and specifically the Old Norman dialect. Norman French had a profound impact on the English lexicon, from which it borrowed words related to the political and legislative field. waka

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