July 23 Revolution
The July 23 Revolution or the July 23 coup is a military move led by Egyptian army officers against the monarchy on July 23, 1952. It was initially known as the “Blessed Movement” and then called the July 23 Revolution after the dissolution of political parties and the overthrow of the 1923 constitution in January 1953.
After the 1948 war and the loss of Palestine, the Free Officers Organization appeared in the Egyptian army under the leadership of Major General Muhammad Naguib and the leadership of al-Bakbashi Gamal Abdel Nasser. On July 23, 1952, the organization staged a white armed coup that did not spill blood, and succeeded in controlling matters and controlling vital facilities in the country and broadcast the first statement “ For the Revolution” in the voice of Anwar Sadat, and the movement forced the king to abdicate to his heir, Prince Ahmed Fouad, and leave the country on July 26, 1952.
A Guardianship Council was formed, but the management of matters was in the hands of the Revolutionary Command Council, which consisted of 13 officers headed by Muhammad Naguib, who were the leaders of the Free Officers Organization, then the monarchy was abolished and the republic was declared on June 18, 1953.
The leader of the movement that was later called the revolution was Major General Muhammad Naguib, and in fact he was chosen - by the Free Officers - as a front for the revolution because of his good reputation within the army. revolution. But a power struggle arose between him and Gamal Abdel Nasser after Major General Mohamed Naguib saw the necessity of handing over power to an elected civilian authority. Gamal was able to settle it on his side in the end and set Mohamed Naguib's residence in the Zainab al-Wakeel Palace, excommunicating Mustafa al-Nahhas Pasha in the suburb of Marj east of Cairo until his death. Gamal Abdel Nasser then ruled Egypt from 1954 until his death in 1970 and derived the legitimacy of his rule from the July Revolution.
Principles of the July Revolution
These principles were not announced until 1956:
the abolition of feudalism.
eradication of colonialism.
The elimination of the capital controlled by the government.
Establish a strong national army.
Establishing social justice.
Establishing a healthy democratic life.
Members of the Revolutionary Command Council
Mohamed Naguib (Chairman)
Abdul Hakim Amer
Hussein Al Shafei
Abdul Latif Al-Baghdadi
Abdel Moneim Amin
Mohammed Anwar Sadat
July Revolution Statement
Achievements of the July Revolution
Nationalization of the Suez Canal.
Recovering the dignity, independence and freedom lost at the hands of the aggressor colonizer.
Control of governance in Egypt and the fall of the monarchy.
Forcing the king to abdicate and then leave Egypt to Italy.
The abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the republic.
Signing of the agreement