January 20, 2022
Georgia (Georgian: საქართველო, echo: [sɑkʰɑrtʰvɛlɔ]) is a sovereign country in the South Caucasus region. In Western Asia, it is bordered to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Georgia covers an area of 69,700 km2 and has a population of 4,385,000 people. The history of Georgia can be traced back to the kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia, as it was one of the first countries to embrace Christianity, in the fourth century. Georgia reached the height of its political and economic glory during the reign of King David and Queen Tamar in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the Russian Empire inflicted Georgia. After a short period of independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Bolshevik armies invaded Georgia in 1921 and annexed it to the Soviet Union in 1922. Georgia regained its independence in 1991. Like many countries that gained independence from the Soviet Union, Georgia experienced economic crisis and internal turmoil during the 1990s. After the flower revolution, a political leadership emerged that introduced democratic reforms, but foreign investment and economic growth immediately after the revolution slowed since then. The Georgian constitution provides for a representative democracy (although Freedom House has stated that the country is "not an electoral democracy) - this is still controversial among the Georgian authorities - organized as a semi-presidential unitary republic. Georgia is a developing country and ranks 70th among the countries in the world in The Human Development Index is a member of the United Nations, the European Council, the World Trade Organization, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Democratic Choice Association, GUAM for Democratic and Economic Development, and the Asian Development Bank. The European Union and NATO Georgia's international commitments are monitored according to the USHelsinki Committee as an associate member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. Georgia entered into an armed conflict in 2008 against Russia and armed separatist groups in South Ossetia. That conflict was finally manifested in Russia's recognition of the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, but only Nicaragua, Venezuela, the Syrian Arab Republic, Nauru, and the de facto independent Transnistria followed suit. On August 28, 2008, the Georgian parliament passed legislation declaring Abkhazia and South Ossetia under Russian occupation.