Non-Aligned Movement

Article

January 20, 2022

The Non-Aligned Movement is considered one of the results of the Second World War (1939-1945), and a more direct result, of the Cold War that escalated between the Western camp (USA and NATO) and the Eastern camp (the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact) at the end of World War II and the destruction of The Axis countries, and the movement's goal was to move away from the politics of the Cold War. The movement was founded by 29 countries, the countries that attended the 1955 Bandung Conference, which was the first organized gathering of the countries of the movement. It is the brainchild of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser and Yugoslav President Tito. The first conference of the movement was held in Belgrade in 1961, attended by representatives of 25 countries, then conferences were held until the last conference in Tehran in August 2012. The number of members of the movement in 2011 reached 118 countries, and a monitoring team consisted of 18 countries and 10 organizations.

Movement History

The Non-Aligned Movement was established and established during the collapse of the colonial system, the struggle of the peoples of Africa, Asia, Latin America and other regions of the world for independence, and at the height of the Cold War. The efforts of the movement, since the first days of its establishment, were a key factor in the process of decolonization, which later led to the success of many countries and peoples in obtaining their freedom and independence, and the establishment of new sovereign states. Throughout its history, the Non-Aligned Movement has played an essential role in maintaining international peace and security. And if some meetings were held, within the framework of the Third World, before 1955, historians consider that the Afro-Asian Bandung Conference is the event directly preceding the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement, and this conference was held in Bandung during the period from 18-24 April 1955, and witnessed the gathering of 29 heads of state belonging to the first generation of leaders from the post-colonial era from the continents of Africa and Asia for the purpose of discussing and evaluating global issues at that time, and the adoption of common policies in international relations. At that conference the principles that govern relations between nations, large and small, were proclaimed, the principles known as the "Bandung Ten Principles", which were later taken as the main goals and objectives of the policy of non-alignment. The realization of these principles has become the basic criterion for membership in the Non-Aligned Movement; Rather, it became known as the "core of the movement" until the beginning of the nineties of the last century. In 1960, in light of the results achieved in Bandung, the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement received a decisive impetus during the fifteenth ordinary session of the General Assembly

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