Fatah movement

Article

January 20, 2022

Fatah (formerly known as the Palestinian National Liberation Movement) is a revolutionary Palestinian national movement, which recognizes the existence of the State of Israel and its right to exist on the lands it occupied before 1967 AD, and it is a major part of the Palestinian political spectrum, and the second largest faction represented in the Palestinian Legislative Council after Hamas According to the latest elections, the largest faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization. After several decades of armed resistance to Israel, the movement stopped its work in 2007 when the military wing of the movement (the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades) handed over its weapons and announced the cessation of attacks on Israel in exchange for Israel's amnesty for its members. Palestinians against the Israeli occupation. The Fatah movement was associated with its leader, Yasser Arafat, until his death in 2004. It is one of the most prominent movements of the Palestinian people in the homeland and the diaspora, as it played a major role in the events of Black September and the Lebanese Civil War, and it also participated in the peace talks in Oslo and Washington. Fatah movement lost the majority of seats in the Palestinian Legislative Council in the legislative elections on January 25, 2006 in favor of Hamas, and resigned from all the parliamentary positions entrusted to it. Hamas' victory in the 2006 Legislative Council elections was followed by the Palestinian division, which led to Fatah managing the affairs of the West Bank and leaving the affairs of the Gaza Strip to Hamas.

Structure

The decision-making authority in the Fatah movement is concentrated in the hands of two main bodies: the Revolutionary Council of the Fatah movement, which represents the legislative committee of the movement, and the Central Committee of the Fatah movement, which represents the Executive Committee of the Legislation of the Revolutionary Council. It is known that the members of the central committee of the movement are elected at the movement’s general conferences.

General Conferences of the Movement

Birth

The roots of the emergence of the “Fatah” movement go back to the end of the fifties of the last century, mostly around 1958, when Yasser Arafat and Abu Jihad arrived in Kuwait during that period, and the publication of the newspaper “Palestinena” began in October 1959. The Fatah movement was founded by five founders: Yasser Arafat, Adel Abdul-Karim Yassin, Khalil Al-Wazir, Abdullah Al-Danan and Tawfiq Shadid, and then Youssef Amira and Munir Suwaid joined them, who contacted another group of Palestinians working in Qatar represented in Youssef Al-Najjar and Kamal Adwan and Mahmoud Abbas. In Saudi Arabia, a cell was formed in which Abd al-Fattah Hammoud (Abu Salah), Subhi Abu Karsh (Abu al-Mundhir) and Saeed al-Muzayin (Abu Hisham), most likely in contact with Khalil al-Wazir. , and later joined

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