de facto rule


January 20, 2022

De facto rule or de facto (Latin: dē factō) or established. It is an expression that means that the matter is implemented in practice, but it is not necessarily stated and regulated by the applicable law. And the opposite term for it is de ory. This term is used in a number of subjects, including legal or political, for example: although it was not officially the official language in the former Soviet Union, de facto Russian "de victo" was the only language used in the former Soviet republics and was not declared by law Di yuri is an official language in the Soviet Union and for a short time, except on April 24, 1990. Also, for example, and in an unusual case, the former North Korean President Kim Il Sung, who died on July 8, 1994, is still officially and by virtue of the constitution in his country "the eternal president of the Republic of Korea." Therefore, all the subsequent rulers of North Korea, including Kim Jong-il "technically", are the de facto leaders or presidents of the country. Also, the de facto state is effectively independent like (Somaliland), it is not recognized by other countries or international organizations, although it has its own independent government that exercises its full authority over the lands under its sovereignty.



A de facto norm is a norm (formal or informal) that has achieved a dominant position by means of tradition, application, or market dominance. It does not necessarily have formal approval through the standardization process, and it may not have an official standardization document. Technical standards are usually voluntary, such as the requirements of ISO 9000, but may be mandatory, and are enforced by government standards, such as drinking water quality requirements. The term "de facto standard" is used for both: as opposed to mandatory standards (also known as "legal standards"); Or to express a dominant criterion, when more than one criterion is proposed. In the social sciences, the voluntary norm, which is also a factual norm, is a typical solution to the problem of coordination. National languages ​​ Many countries, including Australia, Japan, Mexico, the United Kingdom, and the United States, have a de facto national language but not an official de jure national language. Some countries have a de facto national language in addition to an official language. The official language in Lebanon and Morocco is Arabic, but the other language is de facto French. In New Zealand, Maori and New Zealand Sign Language are de jure official languages, while English is an official language.

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