Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt (1971)

Article

January 18, 2022

The 1971 constitution in Egypt is the first constitution after the 1952 revolution. It was approved during the era of President Mohamed Anwar Sadat after a popular referendum on September 11, 1971. It was called the “Permanent Constitution of Egypt.” The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces on February 13, 2011 after the January 25 revolution and the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak on February 11, 2011.

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After the death of President Gamal Abdel Nasser on September 28, 1970, his deputy, Mr. Mohamed Anwar El-Sadat, assumed power temporarily until he was nominated by the National Assembly for the presidency of the republic, and his presidency of the republic was approved in a popular referendum that took place in mid-October 1970. On May 20, 1971, the president requested Sadat, from the People’s Assembly, drafted a new constitution, and the Assembly decided, in its session held on the same day, to form a preparatory committee consisting of fifty members from among its members, people of opinion, experience, and clerics. In its session held on May 25, 1971, eighty members of the Preparatory Committee were submitted to the Preparatory Committee. The Council decided to raise the number of members from 50 to 80 members, and all the applicants were considered members of the Committee. The preparatory committee was divided into four committees: The First Committee: It specialized in studying the basic components of society, freedoms and morals. The Second Committee: It specialized in studying the system of government. The Third Committee: It specialized in studying the local administration system and the basic laws. The Fourth Committee: It specialized in receiving, summarizing, and distributing the public’s proposals in the previous committees according to their competence. These committees began their work, until the Preparatory Committee submitted its report on the basic principles of the draft constitution to the People’s Assembly, and the Assembly approved the project, which was presented with its declaration document to the people for a referendum on it. On September 11, 1971, pursuant to the provisions of Article 193 of the same constitution.

Adjustments

This constitution lasted for about forty years since its approval in September 1971 until it was suspended by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces on February 13, 2011 after the January 25 revolution and the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak on February 11, 2011. This constitution went through three amendments in 1980 and 2005 and 2007, are: Amendments on May 22, 1980: The amendment that allowed the term of the presidency to be renewed for more than one subsequent term The constitutional amendment establishing the Shura Council The constitutional amendment that made Islamic Sharia the main source of legislation Amendment on May 25, 2005: The constitutional amendment regarding the transfer of the presidential office system from referendum to election and the conditions for running for the post of President of the Republic. Amendments on March 26, 2007: The constitutional amendment of the economic system of the state and the easing of the conditions for candidacy for the presidency. Adjustment

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