January 20, 2022

Damascus, is the capital of the Syrian Arab Republic, and the center of the Damascus Governorate. It is one of the oldest cities in the world with an unbroken history of nearly eleven thousand years, and the oldest city-capital in the world. It became the capital of the region of Syria since 635. There are several theories explaining the meaning of the name Damascus, the most widespread of which are the fact that the word is old Semitic, meaning the irrigated land; This is due to the city’s geographical location in a fertile plain irrigated by the Barada River and its many branches, thus forming the Ghouta of Damascus; The location of the city is also distinguished by the presence of Mount Qasioun in it. The name Damascus was limited to the old city until the Middle Ages, when the city began to expand outside it. Currently, Damascus consists of fifteen residential areas connected to its surroundings from the suburbs to form what is known as Greater Damascus. The city is the administrative center of the Damascus governorate, while most of the suburbs are administratively affiliated to the Damascus countryside governorate. According to 2013 statistics, the population of Damascus reached 1.9 million people, making it the second largest Syrian city after Aleppo, while the population of Greater Damascus (according to 2010 census) reached 4.4 million people, making it the largest population gathering in Syria, and in the Levant, and among the largest Ten cities in the Arab world after Cairo, Baghdad and Riyadh; The area of ​​the city is 105 km2; The majority of traditional Damascus residents are Syrian Arabs in terms of ethnicity, and Sunni Muslims in terms of religion. Throughout history, Damascus has been inhabited by small groups of European - mainly Balkan - and Arab origins, with various motives, most of which have harmonized over time with the city's fabric; Damascus also contains large numbers of citizens who come from other Syrian cities and governorates, as permanent residents. As the capital, Damascus is the seat of all the important ministries and headquarters in the Syrian state, including the parliament and the Supreme Constitutional Court. Since ancient times, Damascus has been famous as a commercial city, intended for caravans for rest or shopping. The city was one of the stations of the Silk Road, the sea route, the Levantine pilgrimage procession, and the caravans heading to Persia, Asia Minor, Egypt or the Arabian Peninsula. This prominent economic role played a role in enriching the city and transforming it into a cultural and political destination as well. During its history, the city was the center of a number of states, the most important of which was the Umayyad state - the largest Islamic state in terms of area in history. Baibars. Currently, the economy of Damascus is based on trade, industry in the suburbs, and tourism. Damascus was considered in 2010 as one of the best tourist destinations in the world, but the Syrian crisis that erupted since

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