Desmond Tutu

Article

January 18, 2022

Desmond Tutu (7 October 1931 - 26 December 2021), former South African archbishop and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Province of South Africa (now the Anglican Church of South Africa). He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, the Albert Schweizer Humanitarian Award, the Freedom Prize in 1986. He was committed to the world's stand against AIDS and served as the honorary president of the Global Coalition to Fight AIDS. In February 2007 he was awarded the Gandhi Peace Prize by Dr. Abdul Kalam, President of India. Toto was of both Kusian and Motswana heritage when he was born into a poor family in Klerksdorp, British Empire in South Africa. Upon coming of age, he trained as a teacher and married Numalezu Lia Toto, with whom he had several children. In 1960, he was ordained as an Anglican priest and in 1962 moved to the United Kingdom to study theology at King's College, London. In 1966, he returned to South Africa, teaching at the Federal Theological Seminary and then at the University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. In 1972, he became director of the Theological Education Fund for Africa, a center based in London but requiring frequent tours of the African continent. In South Africa in 1975, he served first as dean of St. Mary's Cathedral in Johannesburg and then as Bishop of Lesotho, where he played an active role in South Africa's opposition to apartheid and white minority rule. From 1978 to 1985 he served as General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches, emerging as one of the most prominent anti-apartheid activists in South Africa. Although he warned the NDP government that anger against apartheid would lead to ethnic violence, as an activist, he emphasized nonviolent protests and foreign economic pressure to achieve universal suffrage. In 1985, he became Bishop of Johannesburg, and in 1986 he became Archbishop of Cape Town, the highest position in the Anglican hierarchy in South Africa. While holding this position, he emphasized a model that establishes consensus in leadership and supervised the introduction of women priests. Also in 1986, he became president of the Conference of Churches All Over Africa, which led to further tours of the continent. After President Frederic Willem de Klerk released anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela from prison in 1990 and the two led negotiations to end apartheid and adopt the

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