Commonwealth of Independent States

Article

January 20, 2022

The CIS or CIS (Russian: Содружество Независимых Государств (СНГ) - Sodruzhestvo Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv) is a Eurasian international organization of 12 former Soviet republics, headquartered in Belarus, in Minsk. Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are members of this organization. The Association is not just a purely symbolic organization, but rather an organization united by distinguished cooperation and includes the fields of trade, finance, laws and security. It also enhances cooperation in the field of democracy and combating smuggling and terrorism. The Commonwealth of Independent States participates in the peacekeeping forces of the United Nations.

History

The organization was founded on December 8, 1991 by the republics of Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine, and the leaders of these three countries met in the Białowiea Forest, a place of a nature reserve about 50 km (30 miles) north of the city of Brest in Belarus and signed an agreement to establish an organization to be a substitute for The Soviet Union, and then the rest of Central Asia and the Caucasus joined the organization.

Member States

Founding Members

Russia (1991) Belarus (1991)

Other members

Kazakhstan (1991) Kyrgyzstan (1991) Tajikistan (1991) Uzbekistan (1991) Moldova (1991) Azerbaijan (1991) Armenia (1991)

Participating Members

Turkmenistan (2005)

Former Members

Georgia (2008-1994) (withdrew as a result of the 2008 Russo-Georgian war over South Ossetia)

Previous Associate Members

Ukraine (1991-2018) (largely ceased to participate in the CIS as of 2014, withdrew representatives from all CIS legal bodies in 2018 as a result of the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation and Russia's intervention in the war in Donbass)

Members

Watchers

References

Russia Gate asia gate Europe Gate Soviet Union gate Politics portal 1990s gate International Relations Portal Political Science Portal

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