Zine El Abidine Ben Ali


January 20, 2022

Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (September 3, 1936 - September 19, 2019), President of the Republic of Tunisia from November 7, 1987 to January 14, 2011, the second president of Tunisia since its independence from France in 1956 after Habib Bourguiba, and the first Tunisian president to be removed from office following popular protests Against his repressive regime, he was appointed prime minister in October 1987 and then assumed the presidency a month later in November 1987 in a bloodless coup in which he declared President Bourguiba unable to assume the presidency. He has been re-elected by an overwhelming majority in every presidential election, the last of which was on October 25, 2009. International human rights groups as well as conservative Western newspapers such as The Economist have labeled the regime headed by Ben Ali as authoritarian, undemocratic and repressive. Some of these groups, such as Amnesty International and Freedom and International Protection House, criticized Tunisian officials for not respecting international standards for political rights and for interfering with the work of local human rights organizations. As an authoritarian regime, Tunisia was ranked in the Economist's 2010 Democracy Index at 144th out of 167 countries surveyed. In terms of freedom of the press, Tunisia ranked 143 out of 173 in 2008. Ben Ali ruled the Tunisian Republic with an iron fist for more than 23 consecutive years, punctuated by numerous human rights violations, suppression of freedom of expression, imprisonment and torture of political opponents, in addition to the spread and pervasiveness of corruption. In the joints of the state, while enabling his family to control the Tunisian economy, which led to a record of the prosecutions that were carried out against them after the revolution. Until May 15, 2018, the total sentences handed down against Ben Ali amounted to 5 life imprisonment, 207 years imprisonment, 6 months and 218 million Tunisian dinars in written cases. . He died on September 19, 2019 in exile, in a hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, after suffering from illness.

Education and military service period

Ben Ali was born in Hammam-Sousse on September 3, 1936. When he was a high school student in Sousse, he joined the ranks of the national resistance against the French rule over Tunisia as a liaison to the local New Constitutional Free Party, which led to his expulsion from school and imprisonment. He completed secondary school, while there is a denial that he obtained any educational qualification and that he left the school seat in the fifth grade. Then Ben Ali obtained the diploma from the military school in Saint-Cyr (École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr) and then from the artillery school in Châlons-sur-Marne, France. Texas, USA

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