Salah Khalaf (his nom de guerre Abu Iyad), (1933 - January 14, 1991), is a prominent Palestinian politician. He was one of the founders of the Palestine Liberation Movement (Fatah), and the leader of the private security services of the Palestine Liberation Organization and Fatah movement for a long time. Rumor has it that he is the leader of the Black September organization.
His father came from Gaza City to Jaffa, where Salah Khalaf was born on August 31, 1933 and lived there for the first years of his life even before the establishment of Israel one day, as his family had to go to Gaza by sea. He completed his secondary education in Gaza and went to Egypt in 1951 to complete his higher studies at the Teachers' House there, where he obtained a BA in Education and Psychology from Cairo University.
His political activity and national action
While he was in Gaza, he joined the national work and was still a minor, and while he was in Egypt, he was active with Yasser Arafat and others in student work and played a prominent role in the Palestine Students Union, before returning to Gaza as a teacher of philosophy, where he continued his political activity and began to lean on him militarily inclined.
Abu Iyad moved to Kuwait in 1959 to work as a teacher, and he and his companions - especially Yasser Arafat and Khalil al-Wazir - had an opportunity to unite their efforts to create a Palestinian national movement, which was the "Fatah" movement, and they began to present their principles to the wide audience through the magazine "Our Palestine".
Abu Iyad is considered the most prominent member of the Central Committee and the most capable of making bold decisions. Among the most prominent decisions he took on behalf of the Central Committee of the Fatah movement was the decision to appoint Yasser Arafat as the official spokesman for Fatah to block the path for those who aspire to lead Fatah in the absence of Abu Ammar. The decision was published in the media without the knowledge of his comrades in the Central Committee, who praised the decision and supported its timing after hearing Abu Iyad's argument. In 1969, after the merger of the Fatah movement into the Palestine Liberation Organization, the name Abu Iyad began to emerge as a member of the Fatah Central Committee, then the commissioner of the security apparatus in Fatah, and then took over the leadership of the organization’s special services. Since 1970, Abu Iyad has been subjected to more than one assassination that targeted his life;
He published a book (Palestinian Without An Identity) in 1978 in the form of a series of interviews with French journalist Eric Rollo, in which he tried to deny any connection to Black September.
Abu Iyad is considered one of the most important theorists of the revolutionary thought of the Fatah movement, to the extent that he nicknamed Trotsky Palestine, broad-minded and insightful, the first to put forward the idea of a secular state in Palestine, in which the three religions (Muslims, Christians and Jews) coexist with equal rights and duties. The most prominent founders of the pillars of the Revolutionary Monitoring Organization, as it reached the highest levels, whether at the regional or global level, with the recognition of security experts in the world, and reached the external work