January 20, 2022
Abu Abdullah Othman bin Affan, the Umayyad al-Qurashi (47 BC - 35 AH / 576 - 656 AD), the third of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, one of the ten missionaries of Paradise, and among the predecessors to Islam. He was nicknamed Dhul-Nourain because he married two of the daughters of the Prophet of Islam Muhammad, where he married Ruqayyah and then after her death he married Umm Kulthum. Uthman was the first immigrant to the land of Abyssinia to preserve Islam, then all the other immigrants followed him to the land of Abyssinia. Then he emigrated the second migration to Medina. The Messenger of God trusted him, loved him, and honored him for his modesty, morals, good behavior, and the money he used to support the Muslims and those who believed in God. He gave him the good tidings of Paradise like Abu Bakr, Omar, Ali and the rest of the ten, and told him that he would die a martyr. Othman was pledged allegiance to the caliphate after the shura that took place after the death of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab in the year 23 AH (644 AD), and his caliphate lasted for about twelve years. During his reign, the Qur’an was collected and expanded for the Grand Mosque as well as the Prophet’s Mosque. A number of countries were opened during his reign and the Islamic state expanded. Among the countries that opened during his caliphate were Armenia, Khorasan, Kerman, Sijistan, Ifriqiya and Cyprus. He established the first Islamic naval fleet to protect the Islamic shores from the attacks of the Byzantines. In the second half of the Caliphate of Uthman, which lasted for twelve years, the events of sedition that led to his assassination emerged. That was on Friday, 12 of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, 35 AH, and he was eighty-two years old, and he was buried in Al-Baqi' in Medina.