Othman Bin-Affan

Article

January 20, 2022

Abu Abdullah Othman bin Affan, the Umayyad al-Qurashi (47 BC - 35 AH / 576 - 656 AD), the third of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, one of the ten missionaries of Paradise, and among the predecessors to Islam. He was nicknamed Dhul-Nourain because he married two of the daughters of the Prophet of Islam Muhammad, where he married Ruqayyah and then after her death he married Umm Kulthum. Uthman was the first immigrant to the land of Abyssinia to preserve Islam, then all the other immigrants followed him to the land of Abyssinia. Then he emigrated the second migration to Medina. The Messenger of God trusted him, loved him, and honored him for his modesty, morals, good behavior, and the money he used to support the Muslims and those who believed in God. He gave him the good tidings of Paradise like Abu Bakr, Omar, Ali and the rest of the ten, and told him that he would die a martyr. Othman was pledged allegiance to the caliphate after the shura that took place after the death of Omar Ibn Al-Khattab in the year 23 AH (644 AD), and his caliphate lasted for about twelve years. During his reign, the Qur’an was collected and expanded for the Grand Mosque as well as the Prophet’s Mosque. A number of countries were opened during his reign and the Islamic state expanded. Among the countries that opened during his caliphate were Armenia, Khorasan, Kerman, Sijistan, Ifriqiya and Cyprus. He established the first Islamic naval fleet to protect the Islamic shores from the attacks of the Byzantines. In the second half of the Caliphate of Uthman, which lasted for twelve years, the events of sedition that led to his assassination emerged. That was on Friday, 12 of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, 35 AH, and he was eighty-two years old, and he was buried in Al-Baqi' in Medina.

Beginning of his life

Ratio

He is: “Othman bin Affan bin Abi Al-Aas bin Umayyah bin Abd Shams bin Abd Manaf bin Qusay bin Kilab bin Murrah bin Ka`b bin Louay bin Ghalib bin Fahr bin Malik bin Al-Nadr, and he is Quraish bin Kinanah bin Khuzaymah bin Madrakah bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Maad bin Adnan. His lineage meets the proportions of the Prophet Muhammad in Abd Manaf. His mother: “Arwa bint Kariz bin Rabi’ah bin Habib bin Abd Shams bin Abd Manaf bin Qusay bin Kilab bin Murrah bin Ka’b bin Louay bin Ghalib bin Fahr bin Malik bin Al-Nadr, and he is Quraish bin Kinanah bin Khuzayma bin Madrakah bin Elias bin Mudar bin Nizar bin Maad Bin Adnan. She is the aunt of the Prophet Muhammad, and her mother is Al-Bayda bint Abdul Muttalib.

His birth

Othman bin Affan was born in Taif and it was said in Mecca in the year 576 AD, six years after the Year of the Elephant. He is from the womb of Banu Umayyah bin Abd Shams bin Abd Manaf, who are among the chief masters of Quraysh, and his father is Affan, cousin of Abu Sufyan bin Harb. His mother, Arwa bint Kreiz, gave birth to him, and she also gave birth to his sister, Amna bint Affan, and after the death of his father Affan, his mother married Uqba bin Abi Muait Al-Umawi Al-Qurashi and gave birth to three sons and a daughter, Al-Waleed bin Uqba, Khaled bin Uqba, Umrah bin Uqba and Umm Kulthum bint Uqba. They are Othman’s brothers to his mother. . Uthman's mother converted to Islam and died during his caliphate, and he was the oldest

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