The Jordan Valley or the Jordan Valley is a fertile plain with an area of about 400 square kilometers located along the Jordan River, and its level ranges between 200 and more than 400 meters below sea level, reaching the Dead Sea, which is the lowest point in the world below sea level. The Jordan Valley, along with the Dead Sea and Wadi Araba, forms the Jordan Valley gorge, which in turn forms part of the Dead Sea Fault and the Great Rift Valley. The Jordan Valley passes through the border area separating the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on the eastern bank of the Jordan River on the one hand and part of the northern region of Israel and extends along the West Bank that was occupied by Israel in 1967 on the other.
The Jordan Valley and the northern Dead Sea extend over an area of 1.6 million dunams, along the Jordanian border, and constitute approximately 30 percent of the West Bank, and the majority of its residents are Palestinians. Israel seeks to annex the Jordan Valley.
Geography of the valley
The Ghor or the Jordan Valley is a low-lying plain located in the southern part of the eastern Mediterranean. Its definition is linked to the Jordan River, which extends from the Sea of Galilee to the lowest point on the surface of the land at the shore of the Dead Sea, about 410 meters above sea level. The Jordan Valley is divided into many areas, including the northern and central valleys.
Agriculture & Climate
The Ghor’s climate is characterized by being several degrees warmer than the surrounding lands, and it is one of the most fertile agricultural lands, and as it is said it is the vegetable basket of Jordan. And because its climate is warm in winter and very hot in summer, it is suitable for many vegetables, fruits and many other trees, and the hot climate is suitable for banana plants, as there are vast areas of banana plantations in the valley. It was famous for its sugar cane plantations and refineries in the Mamluk period, such as the sugar mills factory in Ghor al-Safi.
There are also many shrines in the northern and central valleys of the Companions, including Abu Ubaidah Amer ibn al-Jarrah, Dirar ibn al-Azwar, Sharhabil ibn Hasna, Muadh ibn Jabal and other companions and followers, whose shrines became a destination for religious tourism after the Hashemite reconstruction of the shrines and shrines of the Companions in the Jordan Valley, and one of the most famous landmarks of the Jordan Valley The Dead Sea, where many hotels have been set up that receive visitors from all over the world. The Dead Sea is three times more salty than any ordinary sea, and the visitor at the Dead Sea can enjoy the scene when looking at the salt rocks formed on the outskirts of the Dead Sea. In the Dead Sea, the visitor swims without tiring himself, because the density of salt water is higher than the density of the human body, and thus the person who wants to swim floats easily and smoothly.