October 28, 2021

Palestine (Hebrew: פלשתינה or פלסטין depending on the context, Greek: Παλαιστίνη) is the geographical area southeast of the Mediterranean to the Jordan Valley. In some definitions, the definition extends to include areas east of the Jordan River, located in Western Asia and linking North Africa with its location and the Sinai Peninsula at The meeting point of the two continents, forming the southwestern part of the Levant connected to Egypt; It was a crossing point and intersection of cultures, trade and politics, in addition to its centrality in the history of religions. Therefore, many of its cities have historical or religious significance, especially Jerusalem. The borders of the historical region today are based on several overlapping political entities: the State of Israel (established in the 1948 war after the displacement of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians from their homeland), the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, which Israel occupied in the 1967 war. In addition to Israeli military control over the entire West Bank, residents of cities are subject to The occupied territories are a Palestinian Autonomous Authority that has managed the civil affairs of the population since 1994 based on the Oslo Accords, in addition to the fact that the entire Gaza Strip has been under the control of the Palestinian National Authority since Israel’s withdrawal from the Gaza Strip in 2005. In 2007, the division of political authority in the autonomous areas led to the emergence of Authority in the Gaza Strip and other cities in the West Bank. The population within these borders is estimated at approximately 11,900,000 people, as a large part of the population of historic Palestine today are Arabic-speaking (Muslims and Christians), while the other part of its population is Hebrew-speaking, Jewish immigrant followers, and members of other peoples, and their percentage is Today 49%, while the Arabs make up 46%. After the First World War and its consequences from the fall of the Ottoman Empire, which controlled all of the Levant, including Palestine, through the Treaty of Sèvres, the San Remo Conference and the Sykes-Picot Agreement, the borders of the British Mandate over Palestine were drawn, and the borders were longitudinally extended From north to south at about four degrees of latitude, extending between latitudes 29.30 and 33.15 N and longitudes 34.15 and 35.40 E, with an area of ​​26,990 km2, including Lake Tiberias and half of the Dead Sea. It is bordered on the west by the Mediterranean Sea with a coastline of 224 km in length, on the east by Syria and Jordan, on the north by Lebanon, and on the south by Egypt and the Gulf of Aqaba. Palestine is rectangular in shape, its length from north to south is 430 km, its width in the north ranges between 51-70 km, and in the middle is 72-95 km at Jerusalem, while in the south the width expands to reach 117 km at Rafah and Khan Yunis until the Dead Sea. The region has a very diverse land, and is geographically divided into four regions, which are from west to east, the plain of

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