List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Morocco


July 5, 2022

There is a difference and overlap at the same time between the intangible cultural heritage of humanity and the intangible oral heritage of humanity. However, the intangible oral heritage of humanity is considered part of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity.

History of the List of Intangible Oral Cultural Heritage

The idea of ​​the project came from those interested in the intangible oral heritage inherited and remaining in relation to the activities of the Jemaa El Fna Square, where concern has become about the fading of some elements of the oral heritage in Jamaâ El Fna Square in Marrakesh, Morocco. In 1997, a number of Moroccan intellectuals and UNESCO initiated a meeting in Marrakesh. During which he defined the concept of “Oral Heritage of Humanity”. It was decided to differentiate between the works of this heritage in order to preserve them and highlight their value, within the framework of the “Declaration of Masterpieces of Oral Heritage and the Intangible Heritage of Humanity.” In 2001, it announced for the first time a list of aphorisms submitted by countries. A new list is drawn up every two years. The proposed artifacts must be a living or threatened cultural expression, and programs for their preservation and development must have been established. In 2003, UNESCO Member States adopted the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Oral Heritage of Humanity, which entered into force in April 2006. Operational guidance for this treaty was given by the Intergovernmental Committee, and a representative list was identified and others requiring urgent preservation appear on which the aphorisms previously identified and recorded Every year there are new articles on it.

The cultural heritage of Morocco

The geographical and strategic location of Morocco has always made it a link between the civilizations of nations. The Moroccan civilization on human heritage sites has existed since prehistoric civilizations, and since the Old, Middle, Upper and Modern Stone Age, then the Age of Metals to about 3000 BC, passing through the era of modern civilizations Classical in Morocco from the Phoenician / Carthaginian, Punic and Mauritanian period in northern Morocco, then the Roman period to the period of Islamic civilizations in Morocco, and as the geographical variation is, the demographic composition is varied and harmonious between the Arab and African depths, such as the cultural mosaic between the Arab and the Bedouin (Arab), the Berber, the Andalusian, the Saharan, the Jew and the Negro element from the south the desert. It is the only Arab country that has a dual sea port between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. It was a link between the civilizations of the nations of the ancient world. This strategic situation was reinforced when it became a vital corridor between the countries of the Mediterranean and the New World, and even extended to the twentieth century, which increased its character as a heritage. cultural human