List of constitutions of Egypt


January 24, 2022

In the period between 1805 and 1882, Egypt witnessed a long struggle related to establishing a national constitution as a basic reference for the system of government, defining powers and approving public rights and duties. Its fruits appeared with the first draft of an Egyptian constitution in 1879, which was not ratified by Khedive Ismail due to the circumstances of his removal. Success as a constitutional document on the ground, and during the era of his successor Khedive Tawfiq, the national movement succeeded in 1882 in issuing the first official constitutional document under the name of the Basic Regulation, but the British occupation authorities soon canceled it, and the popular struggle continued unabated until the Egyptian constitution was issued on 19 April 1923, known as the 1923 constitution, and according to which the first Egyptian parliament convened on March 15, 1924. The 1923 constitution remained in place until the Egyptian state constitution was promulgated on October 22, 1930, known as the 1930 constitution, which was suspended on November 30, 1934, and then reinstated again with the constitution. 1923 on December 12, 1935 and remained in place until it was overthrown on December 10, 1952 by the first constitutional declaration issued by the July 23, 1952 Revolution Command Council. Subsequently, the monarchy was abolished in Egypt and the republican system was declared according to the constitutional declaration issued on 18 June 1953. After the end of the transitional period approved by the Constitutional Declaration issued on February 10, 1953, a referendum was held on June 23, 1956, on the Constitution of the Egyptian Republic, known as the 1956 Constitution, and it began to be enforced as of June 25, 1956. In 1958, following the establishment of the United Arab Republic between Egypt Syria The provisional constitution of the United Arab Republic known as the Unity Constitution or the 1958 Interim Constitution was issued in Damascus on March 5, 1958, and in Cairo on March 13, 1958, and it continued for more than three years after the fall of the union until the issuance of the interim constitution of the United Arab Republic (after the separation ) known as the 1964 Interim Constitution on March 25, 1964. On September 12, 1971, the Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt, known as the 1971 Constitution, was promulgated after a referendum on it on September 11, 1971, which was subsequently subjected to several amendments, the first in 1980, the second in 2005 and the third in 2007 Following the January 25 revolution, President Hosni Mubarak stepped down and assigned the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces to run the country's affairs. The Council issued a constitutional declaration on February 13, 2011 that suspended the work of the 1971 constitution with the formation of a committee to amend Some of its articles were put to a referendum that was held later on March 19, 2011, and a constitutional declaration was issued on March 30, 2011, which includes the Fourth Amendment to the 1971 Constitution, according to which the Council’s management of the country’s affairs during the transitional period was approved until the election of a President of the Republic, in addition to the election of a Constituent Assembly by Members of the People's Assembly and Shura Council

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