January 20, 2022

The Republic of Kosovo (or Kosovo, and the Ottomans called it Kosovo) is a partially recognized country in southeastern Europe that is the subject of a territorial dispute with the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of North Macedonia to the southeast, Serbia to the northeast, Montenegro to the northwest, and Albania to the south. Kosovo has landscapes that vary in size and vary in terms of climate, geology, and hydrology. Kosovo covers many plains and vast fields, especially in the Metohija region, in addition to the Albanian Alps and Shar Mountains, which are located in the southwest and southeast, respectively. After the failure of nonviolent resistance against Serbian rule in 1990, Albanians staged an armed rebellion in 1997-1999, forcing the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to launch a 78-day attack on Serbia and Montenegro to stop the war in Kosovo. In 1999, based on a UN Security Council resolution, the United Nations sent a mission to administer Kosovo Province. On February 17, 2008, the Parliament of Kosovo declared the independence of the "Republic of Kosovo". Based on the Brussels agreement, Serbia will normalize its relations with Kosovo, but it does not officially recognize its independence. The independence of the Republic of Kosovo has been recognized by 97 member states of the United Nations and a member of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the International Road Transport Federation, the Regional Cooperation Council, the Council of the European Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. In addition to 22 of the 27 countries of the European Union.


The name Kosovo comes from the Serbian word "kos", which means "black bird". The Serbian pronunciation is Kosovo, the Albanian pronunciation is Kosova, and the historical Ottoman name for the province of Kosovo is Kosovo (Ottoman: Vilayet Kosovo). The most correct reason for the name is that the Ottoman Empire gave the region the name Koswa during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Murad II, and then with the passage of time the name was distorted to Kosovo due to the difference of tongues between peoples.


It was part of the Ottoman Empire for five centuries since it was conquered by the Ottoman Sultan Murad I in 1389. After the First Balkan War in 1912, the Kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro shared the territory of Kosovo. After the end of World War I, Kosovo became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II Yugoslavia was occupied and Kosovo was annexed to Albania, which was under Italian occupation. After World War II, specifically in

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