January 20, 2022
The House of Representatives (according to the Constitution of Egypt 2014) - the former People’s Assembly (according to the Constitution of Egypt 1971) - is the legislative authority in the Arab Republic of Egypt and assumes various competencies stipulated in Chapter Five of the Constitution, according to Article 101. The general plan for economic and social development, the state’s general budget, and the exercise of oversight over the work of the executive authority, all in the manner specified in the constitution. The House of Representatives shall consist of at least four hundred and fifty members elected by direct secret universal suffrage, provided that the voting is conducted under the supervision of members of a judicial body. In addition to a number of members appointed by the President of the Republic, no more than 5%. The Republic is divided into 4 electoral districts using the absolute closed list system and 205 electoral districts for individual elections. Thus, the number of seats allocated to the individual system becomes 448 seats and 120 seats for lists, in addition to a maximum of 28 seats appointed by the President of the Republic. Over a period of time representing the history of Egyptian parliamentary life, starting in 1866, the country has succeeded in seven parliamentary systems whose scope of legislative and oversight powers varied from one period to another to ultimately reflect the history of the Egyptian people's struggle and relentless quest for the establishment of a society of democracy and freedom. More than 135 years of parliamentary history, during which thirty-two parliamentary bodies have passed through the country, with members ranging between 75 and 458 members, have contributed to shaping Egypt’s history and its modern civilized face in its various political, social, economic and cultural aspects. The Speaker of the House of Representatives is elected from among its successful members in the parliamentary session, so that a general assembly of the Council is convened, during which he is elected as the Speaker of the Council.