Mohamed Ghannouchi (18 August 1941 -), Tunisian politician and economist.
Ghannouchi has held the position of Prime Minister since November 17, 1999. He completed his secondary education in Sousse and holds a degree in political and economic sciences from the University of Tunis. He held several positions in the State Secretariat for Planning and the National Economy before he was appointed in 1975 as Director of the General Department of Planning. In October 1987, he was assigned for a brief period to the Ministry of Planning in the government of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. He was reassigned to the planning portfolio on July 26, 1988 after the November 7, 1987 movement. He was appointed on April 11, 1989, as Minister of Planning and Finance, and then on March 3, 1990 for Economy and Finance. On February 20, 1991, he was appointed Minister of Finance, and in 1992 he was assigned the Ministry of International Cooperation and Foreign Investment. He was appointed as Prime Minister to succeed Hamid Karoui after the 1999 presidential elections. Ghannouchi is considered a technocrat and is primarily in charge of the economic file. Despite his assumption of the first ministry, he remained in his third protocol arrangement as the second vice-president of the Constitutional Democratic Rally after the first deputy, Hamid Karoui, and he did not become the party's only vice-president until September 5, 2008.
After the revolution
On Friday, December 17, 2010, the young man, Mohamed Bouazizi, set himself on fire, expressing his anger at his unemployment and the confiscation of his car for which he was selling (Mohamed Bouazizi died on Tuesday, January 4, 2011 as a result of burns), which led to the next day, Saturday, December 18, 2010 to spark demonstrations and the departure of thousands Tunisians reject what they saw as unemployment, the lack of social justice and the aggravation of corruption within the ruling regime.
These demonstrations turned into a popular uprising that included several cities in Tunisia and led to the deaths and injuries of many demonstrators as a result of their clashes with the security forces, and forced Tunisian President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to dismiss a number of ministers, including the Minister of Interior, and to make promises to address the problems that the demonstrators called for solving. He also announced his intention not to run for the presidential elections in 2014. But the Tunisian popular revolution expanded and intensified until it reached government buildings, forcing President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali - who had ruled the country with an iron fist for 23 years - to step down from power and flee the country stealthily , where he first went to France, which refused to receive him for fear of demonstrations by Tunisians there, so he resorted to Saudi Arabia on Friday, January 14, 2011. After Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia on January 14, 2011, Prime Minister Mohamed Ghannouchi announced that he would take over the performance The powers of the President of the Republic on a temporary basis due to the inability of the President to perform his duties, based on Article 56 of the Tunisian Constitution and