Abu Nidal Organization
The Abu Nidal Organization is the most common name for the armed Palestinian nationalist group Fatah - the Revolutionary Council. The Abu Nidal Organization was named after its founder, Sabri al-Banna Abu Nidal. This movement was created due to a split from Yasser Arafat's Fatah movement in 1974. The group has been designated a terrorist organization by the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Japan, Israel and the European Union. The Abu Nidal Organization was secular and anti-Western, but it was not It was not specifically associated with any ideology, or at least such grounds were not reported. The organization was closely linked to Abu Nidal's personal agenda. The group carried out hijackings of planes, assassinations and kidnappings of diplomats, as well as attacks on synagogues - 90 attacks during the period 1974-1992. Nidal died in Baghdad in 2002.
Configuration and background
The organization was originally formed as a result of the secession of the rejectionist front in the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1974, after Arafat's Fatah made amendments to the organization's goals, which is seen as a step towards reaching a settlement with Israel. Then Abu Nidal moved to Ba'athist Iraq, where he founded the Abu Nidal Organization, which soon began a vicious series of terrorist attacks.
She did not clearly define her ideological position, but she clearly opposed any form of settlement or negotiation with Israel. It is known as one of the most radical Palestinian groups ever. Its membership is estimated at several hundred, but its strength today is unknown.
Abu Nidal Organization attacks
The Abu Nidal Organization carried out attacks in 20 countries, killing or wounding nearly 1,650 people. Targets include the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Israel, the moderate Palestinians, the Palestine Liberation Organization, and various Arab and European countries. The group has not attacked Western targets since the late 1980s.
Major attacks included the attacks on the airports of Rome and Vienna in December 1985, the Neve Shalom synagogue in Istanbul, the hijacking of Pan Am Flight 73 in Karachi in September 1986, and the attack on a day cruise ship in Poros, Greece in July 1988.
The Abu Nidal Organization has been particularly noted for its uncompromising stance on negotiating with Israel, treating anything less than an all-out military struggle against Israel as treason. This led the group to launch several attacks against the Palestine Liberation Organization, which made it clear that it had accepted a negotiated solution to the conflict. It is believed that Fatah - Revolutionary Council assassinated the Vice-President of the Palestine Liberation Organization Abu Iyad and the head of security in the PLO