An encyclopedia or encyclopedia is a book that contains general information on topics of human knowledge or is specialized in a particular topic, and its information is often abbreviated, and depends on the accuracy of the organization according to the alphabetical order to make it easier for the beneficiary to refer to it with the least effort. Good encyclopedias depend on a number of writers (editors), each writing in his field of specialization. One of the most famous of these encyclopedias is the Encyclopedia Britannica. Some encyclopedias specialize in different areas of knowledge, such as the geographical encyclopedia, the encyclopedia of the history of ancient Egypt, astronomical encyclopedias, and others.
Developed countries are interested in encyclopedias and people all over the world turn to them to supply their knowledge, and therefore it is important to know the main languages such as English, French, German and Spanish, and in some branches the Arabic language.
Its linguistic definition
They are books that contain information in various fields, arranged in alphabetical order.
Importance of encyclopedias
The encyclopedia is important because it provides basic information and preliminary facts on various topics.
Like, what, when, where and how? For example, the researcher may ask: Who is the founder of the Kingdom of Jordan? When was the Arab League established? What are the seven wonders of the world and where are located? The answer to these questions is through encyclopedias.
It is a resource for giving background information to the student, researcher, expert and layman alike.
It is a source of guidance for the reader who wants more information through the bibliographies that it provides at the end of its articles, which helps the reader to find additional information in a particular subject area.
It helps in providing answers to a number of reference questions and inquiries received by the reference section.
Encyclopedias, especially specialized ones, are used for quick reference inquiries and for making brief presentations on specific topics. There are 3 ways to organize and arrange the information that encyclopedias include:
Sort by Alphabet
Formal arrangement In the alphabetical order, there are two distinct methods. The first aims to provide a very large number of short articles to cover small topics. Here, there is a need for many referrals, indexes and guides to link different topics and unify the various sections of topics, while the second method aims at lengthy articles that contain them. Smaller topics and in this case the case emerges to the analytical indexes.
As for the arrangement classified according to topics, most of the encyclopedias that appeared before the beginning of printing were arranged in this way and its idea is based on the division of human knowledge into