Wikipedia:On this day/January
January 1: Japanese and New Year's Day National Day in Sudan, Haiti and Nauru International Customs, Whale and Peace Day
1259 - Seif al-Din Qutuz deposes Nur al-Din Ali ibn Aybak and assumes power over Egypt.
1863 - US President Abraham Lincoln (pictured) frees blacks from slavery.
1959 - Cuban revolutionary forces led by Fidel Castro take control of Havana, forcing Fulgencio Batista to leave the country.
1965 - Announcing the launch of the Fatah movement.
1999 - The start of dealing with the common European currency, the Euro.
2004 -- Al-Aqsa Foundation for the Reconstruction of Holy Places unveils a plan for the Jerusalem municipality to dig a new tunnel that passes under the Al-Buraq Wall plaza, under the Mughrabi Gate, and from it to the southern wall of Al-Aqsa Mosque.
2011 - Detonation by a car bomb targeting a church in the Sidi Bishr area in Alexandria. Show - Discuss - Justice - History
January 2: Saint Basil the Great's Day (pictured)
1492 - The fall of the last Islamic state in Andalusia, with the surrender of Granada and its emir, Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ali, to the two Catholic kings.
1793 - Prussia and Russia divide Poland (see Russian Partition and Prussian Partition).
1890 - The administration of US President Benjamin Harrison appoints Alice Sanger to become the first woman to join the White House staff.
1929 - Canada and the United States agree to protect Niagara Falls.
1946 - King Zogo I of Albania abdicates the throne while retaining his right to it and remains in Alexandria due to his inability to return to his country, which was controlled by the communists.
1947 - Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi begins a march for peace in India after signs of civil war emerged between Hindus and Muslims in the Indian subcontinent as independence from British occupation approaches. View - Discuss - Justice - History
January 3: The Day of the Pax Festival (statue pictured) in Roman mythology
1496 - Leonardo da Vinci fails to test a flying machine he had designed himself.
1809 - French inventor Nicolas Appert discovers food preservation, which laid the foundations for modern food preservation.
1924 - British Egyptologist Howard Carter discovers the sarcophagus of Pharaoh Tutankhamun, about two years after his tomb was discovered.
1956 - The beginning of Iraqi television broadcasting, to be the second Arab country after Egypt to enter television broadcasting.
2004 - An Egyptian plane carrying French tourists on its way from Sharm El-Sheikh to Cairo crashes in the Red Sea, killing 148 people.
2020 - The commander of the Iranian Quds Force, Qassem Soleimani, was killed, accompanied by Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, one of the leaders of the Popular Mobilization factions, in a US air strike.