January 20, 2022

The day of Arafat is the ninth of the month of Dhul-Hijjah, and it is considered one of the best days for Muslims, as it is one of the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. In it, the pilgrims stand on Mount Arafat, as standing at Arafat is the most important pillar of the Hajj. Mount Arafat is located east of Mecca on the road linking it with Taif, about 22 km, and 10 km from Mina and 6 km from Muzdalifah, and it is the only one that is outside the borders of Haram. With the rising of the sun on the ninth of Dhu al-Hijjah, the pilgrim leaves Mina heading to Arafat to stand there, and standing in Arafat is achieved by the presence of the pilgrim in any part of Arafat, whether he is standing, riding or lying down, but if the pilgrim does not stand within the boundaries of Arafat specified on this day. His Hajj has been spoiled. Standing at Arafat is the most important pillar of the Hajj, because the Prophet Muhammad said: “The Hajj is Arafa, so whoever comes before the dawn prayer on the night of gathering, his Hajj has been completed.” Some of the hadiths of the Prophet that speak of the virtues of this day, including: What Abu Huraira narrated on the authority of the Prophet Muhammad that he said: “God is proud of the people of Arafat, the people of heaven, and he says to them: Look at my servants. He said: “There is no more day in which God frees slaves from the Fire than the day of Arafat, and he is approaching the manifestation, then he brags about them to the angels, saying: What do these want? My angels bear witness that I have forgiven them.” The time of standing in Arafat is from the noon of the sun on the day of Arafat until the dawn of the next day, which is the first day of Eid al-Adha. The supplication and the Talbiyah, as the Prophet Muhammad said: “The best supplication is the supplication on the Day of Arafat, and the best of what I and the prophets before me have said is there is no god but God alone, He has no partner, His is the kingdom and His is praise, and He is over all things powerful.” Pilgrims remain in Arafat until sunset, and if the sun sets. The pilgrims leave from Arafat to Muzdalifah to spend the night there, and the pilgrim performs the Maghrib and Isha prayers there, a combination of delays; Meaning that he delays the Maghrib prayer until the time of dinner begins, and it is desirable for the pilgrim to do a lot of supplications and remembrances, and the pilgrim collects pebbles, then spends his night in Muzdalifah until the dawn prayer, after which the pilgrim goes to Mina to throw the Great Jamrah Al-Aqabah.


The Day of Arafat is the day of standing on Mount Arafat or Arafat on the ninth of the month of Dhul-Hijjah. Al-Nisaburi said: “Arafat is the plural of Arafat.” Al-Tabarsi said: “Arafat: a name for the well-known spot at which one must stop, and the day of Arafat is the day at which one stops.” There are several sayings for naming Arafa by this name, it was said that it was named by that because Adam knew Eve in it, and it was said because Gabriel introduced Abraham to the rituals in it, and it was said to get to know people in it, and it was said that the word is taken.

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