January 13 or January 13 or January 13 (the thirteenth day of the first month) is the thirteenth (13) day of the year according to the Western Gregorian (Gregorian) calendar. There are 352 days left until the end of the year, or 353 days in leap years.
532 - The Nika riots break out in Constantinople.
1842 – Dr. William Brydon, assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, is best known as the sole survivor of an army of 4,500 men and 12,000 camp followers when he reaches the safety of the Afghan garrison in Jalalabad.
1559 - Queen Elizabeth I is proclaimed Queen of Britain at Westminster Abbey in London.
1610 - Galileo Galilei discovers the fourth moon of Jupiter using telescopes, 6 days after he discovered the first three moons.
1785 - The first issue of The Times of London is published by British journalist John Walter, under the name "The Daily Universal Register", but it was named The Times in 1788.
1794 - The United States Congress changes the United States flag to 15 stars and 15 stripes.
1822 - Greece becomes independent.
1830 - Great fire in New Orleans in the United States, believed to be caused by rebellious slaves.
1840 - The Lexington burns down and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island, with 197 lives lost.
1893 - The Independent Labor Party is formed in Britain.
1894 - Government forces crush a revolution in Sicily, Italy.
1902 - Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud wins the Battle of Riyadh and announces the establishment of the Third Saudi State.
1908 - Frenchman Henri Farman becomes the first pilot in Europe to make a short one-kilometre flight and return to his starting point.
First Lord of the British Naval Admiralty Winston Churchill presents his plan for the attack on the Ottoman Dardanelles in World War I.
A 7.5-magnitude earthquake in Avezzano, Italy, kills more than 29,000 people, and is one of the world's deadliest.
1919 - Prince Ali bin Hussein takes over the Emirate of Medina.
1924 - Announcing the victory of the Wafd Party in the first parliamentary elections in Egypt.
1930 - The Mickey Mouse cartoon series debuts.
1942 – The Allies convene a conference to discuss the trials of World War II and issue the St. James Declaration.
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca, Morocco, as part of his movements during World War II.
German leader Adolf Hitler declares total war on the Allies.
1953 - Yugoslavia's constitution is proclaimed and Marshal Josip Broz Tito is chosen as its president.