October 28, 2021
Israel (Hebrew: ישראל Yisra'el) is a country bordering the Mediterranean Sea and it has borders with Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, as well as with areas in which there are Arabs (Gaza and the West Bank) and its population is about 7 million, most of whom are Jews and also Muslims and Christians And Druze. The capital of Israel is Tel Aviv, according to the United Nations, but Israel considers Jerusalem its capital The current president of Israel is Reuven Rivlin, but the actual authority rests with the prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, the leader of the Likud party. In November 1947, the United Nations issued a resolution to divide the geographical area called Palestine between Jews and Arabs, and the modern state of Israel was established in 1948 on May 14, after David Ben-Gurion declared its independence. The 48th War. In 1967, the Arabs and Egypt received another great defeat, and Israel took East Jerusalem and annexed it to its state. Israel is a democratic country, and its Knesset is a parliament with 120 members elected by the people every 4 years. Israel's climate is Mediterranean, in the north it has the Galilee Mountains, in the center coastal plains, and in the south the Negev desert (Negev). This climate is dry and desert. The currency of Israel is the Hadash shekel, which is also the currency of the West Bank, and the reserve currency is the US dollar. Tel Aviv, Acre, Haifa and Jaffa on the Mediterranean Sea, and Mina Eilat on the Red Sea are among the most famous cities of Israel. Israel is considered the most developed country in the Middle East and has scientific research centers and universities of a high scientific level such as Tel Aviv University and the Hebrew University. In science, knowledge, medicine and other branches of science, Israel surpasses all the countries of the Middle East. Moreover, the illiteracy rate in Israel is as low as in the developed Western countries (3%).