The Ottoman Empire (Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu) (Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu) was an empire that lasted from 1299 until 1923 when the Turkish Republic was dissolved on October 29, 1923.
The Ottoman Empire in its heyday (the Sixth and Seventh centuries) was spread over three continents: Asia, Europe and Africa, and it was a center of interactions between East and West for six centuries, and its capital was Astana (Istanbul now). After the Ottoman occupation of Egypt (1517) Its cultural conditions deteriorated, and after it was in the Mamluk era an independent state more advanced and developed than Europe itself, it remained an occupied state affiliated with the Istanbul High Gate.
The Ottoman Empire was founded on the disintegration of the Seljuk state and expanded at the expense of the Byzantine Empire and the kingdoms of Bulgaria and Serbia.
The Ottoman Empire took its name from the founding sultan, Osman I, and its last sultans were named Mehmed VI, who died in Italy and was buried in Syria. Among the most important sultans who built its glory were Murad I, Bayezid I, Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror (who conquered Constantinople, the last stronghold of the Byzantine Empire), Sultan Selim I (who occupied Egypt and ruled the Mamluk state in 1516, invaded Iran and occupied the capital of the Safavid Empire) and During his reign, the glory of the Ottomans reached its peak, and Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent (Suleiman I: Kanuni Sultan Süleyman), who occupied Belgrade, Hungary, Algeria, Romania, Bulgaria and most of Greece and besieged Vienna. After his death, the Ottomans suffered their first military defeat when their fleet was defeated in the Battle of Lepanto at the hands of the Spanish and Venetian fleets.
The Battle of Vienna took place in 1683 in front of the walls of Vienna, between the Ottoman army led by Mustafa Pasha and the European armies under the general command of King of Poland John the Third Sobieski on two days 11 and 12 September 1683. After the siege of Vienna for two months by the Ottoman Empire. The Battle of Vienna was the beginning of the end for the control of the Ottoman Empire and its expansion in Southeast Europe.
In the year 1477, in order for the Turks to maintain stability in the region, they invaded Lahia and appointed Vallad al-Talth as Emir over it, thinking that it would remain a game in their hands. The situation quickly changed, and an invasion took place by a Hungarian prince named Hunyadi, and he shackled him from power in less than a year, after which Vlad fled to Moldavia in the north. Things developed and Hunyadi died, and Hungary was preoccupied with the liberation of Serbia.