November 28, 2021
Interpol is an abbreviation for the International Police, and the full name is the International Criminal Police Organization. It is the largest international police organization in the world. It was established on April 20, 1923, and it consists of police forces from 194 countries. Interpol members exchange information about international criminals and cooperate with each other to combat international crimes such as counterfeiting money, smuggling, illegal buying and selling of weapons, and securing and developing mutual cooperation on the widest scale between all criminal police authorities within the framework of existing laws in different countries And in the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the establishment and development of all institutions capable of effectively contributing to the prevention and combating of common law crimes, the prevention and detection of international crimes, and the support of the police’s efforts to combat transnational crime. The members of the organization keep records of international crimes and assist the members in practical aspects, and train the police personnel and give them advice. Interpol is run by a general assembly so that each member has the right to vote, and the assembly elects a president and an executive committee consisting of a member. The main center of Interpol is called the General Secretariat. The center employs 250 employees. Its permanent headquarters is in Lyon, France, and its headquarters are in Vienna, Austria. The main goal of the organization was to combat international crime and most of its members were Europeans, and in 1946 the organization was reorganized and moved to Lyon in France in 1950, and the number of its members at that time was fifty members. Interpol has four specializations that define its main missions: Coordination at the international level. Facilitate the exchange of criminal data. Forensic data analysis. Criminal data storage. Among the most important crimes that Interpol is fighting against are drug crimes, financial crime, breach of public security, terrorism, human trafficking, the pursuit of fugitives from justice, the arrest of criminals and their extradition in accordance with the agreements in force between countries and the implementation of international judicial delegations.