Europe

Article

January 20, 2022

Europe (Greek: Ευρώπη; English: Europe) is one of the seven continents that exist in the Earth, with an area of ​​about 10 million square kilometers, and thus the second smallest continent in the world after Australia. Europe is the third continent in the world in terms of population after Asia and Africa, and I live in it now 731,000,000 man. The continent is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, and separated from the continent of Africa by the Mediterranean Sea. As for the east, it is separated from the continent of Asia by the Ural Mountains, the Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, and the Caucasus Mountains. Europe has a large number of independent countries (50 countries), the largest country among them is Russia, and the smallest country among them is the Vatican. Europe is the origin of Western civilization, and for a long time, it has had great civilizational centers such as the Greek and Roman civilization, and from the beginning of the sixteenth century AD, its power and influence began to expand to the extent that European countries controlled most of Africa, North and South America, Asia and Australia. Europe entered two world wars behind each other, which cut its influence, destroyed its economy, and made it lose most of its colonies. Now, most of the countries of the continent are united by a political-economic union, the European Union. Among the largest cities in Europe are Paris, London, Rome, Bucharest, Berlin, Istanbul, Moscow, Madrid and Athens. Languages ​​ Europe is a continent rich in many languages, almost all of which follow the Indo-European language family, and most of these languages ​​can be divided into three main groups: the Romance languages, which come from the Latin The Germanic languages, which came from southern Scandinavia, and finally the Slavic languages ​​of Eastern Europe And also in languages ​​such as Maltese, which is considered a dialect coming from Arabic, Turkish and Basque outside the family or these groups. Indo-European languages ​​ As we saw above, this is the largest linguistic family in Europe and includes: Romance languages ​​such as Italian, French, Spanish, Romanian and Portuguese Germanic languages ​​such as English, German, Icelandic, Danish, Swedish and Norse Slavic languages ​​such as Russian, Ukrainian, Bvlgari, Czech, Polish, Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian. Albanian Greek Alean languages ​​ It includes a few languages, the most important of which is Turkish.

Basque

It is an isolated language that is not related to the same family in Europe and is spoken by two of the people of the Basque Country in northern Spain. Uralic languages ​​ It includes Finnish and Hungarian. Semitic languages ​​ Semitic languages ​​have only one representation: Maltese, which is derived from Arabic and is written in Latin letters.

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