Coptic calendar


December 7, 2021

The Coptic calendar or the calendar of martyrs is a calendar based mainly on the ancient Egyptian calendar, a solar calendar developed by the ancient Egyptians to divide the year into 13 months, and it depends on the cycle of the sun. The Egyptian calendar is one of the first known to mankind. It is also the most accurate calendar currently in terms of climate and agricultural conditions during the year; The Egyptian farmer relies on it during the growing seasons and the crops that he grows, from thousands of years ago until now.


In the days of Diocletian, severe persecutions took place against Christianity, especially the Copts. The persecutions began in the Roman state against Christianity, starting with Nero, but it diminished in front of the cruelty and brutality of the series of persecutions that Diocletian started and completed by his aides. Diocletian issued, in agreement with his collaborators, on February 23, 303 AD, a circular ordering the demolition of churches, the burning of holy books, the expulsion of all high-ranking Christians, depriving them of civil rights, and depriving slaves of freedom if they insisted on recognizing Christianity. The circular also stipulated that whoever violates this shall be punished without specifying the penalty. Diocletian also issued two successive publications in March of the year 303 AD, the first of which was to imprison all the heads of churches, and the second to torture them with the intent of forcing them to deny faith. Hundreds of thousands of Copts were martyred as a result of persecution, and although Diocletian did not begin his persecution of Christians until the year 303 AD, but for the atrocity of this persecution, the Coptic Church took the beginning of the rule of this tyrant, which is the year 284 AD - the beginning of its calendar known as the History of the Martyrs. The calendar of martyrs is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar system, which takes the star Spdt (Yemeni poetic) as a basis for the construction and number of days of the year and the big day. That is, to the five days of women, so it becomes six days in that year.

Names of the Coptic months

blueberry, door, Hator, kayak (kiahk), brick, amshir , parmat, barmuda, Bashans, pawns, abe, good luck, offend

Coptic year

Egyptian examples of the Coptic months

Tut September 11 - October 10 In Tut, don't miss the opportunity In Tut Arwa and don't miss it Tut tells the heat to die blueberry Tot says to the cold, I prefer to miss Baba October 11 - November 9 His door was closed and the door was closed Enter the gate and close the gate. If the planting of his door is true, he will overcome the tyranny If he is afraid, he will plant his door, he will not remain in it nor his door Hator November 10 - December 9 Haturabu scattered gold or If you miss the planting of Hathor, wait while the year turns Kayak December 10 - January 8 Good morning, good evening, you get up from your breakfast, you prepare your dinner The Baham

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