July 23 revolution
November 28, 2021
The July 23 revolution is considered one of the most important events in the modern history of Egypt. Through it, the system of government in Egypt was transformed from the monarchy to the republican system, and important social and economic developments took place. Before the coup, the conditions of Egypt had reached a great degree of political tension due to the spread of corruption, the deterioration of the situation, the control of feudalism and the British occupation. The so-called Free Officers formed a revolution that took place on July 23, 1952. Basically, it seemed that a group of officers led by General Mohamed Naguib made special demands for the army. King Farouk from it.
That Luwa Muhammad Najib be Hua President of the Officers Club.
Upgrading some officers and improving the financial conditions of the officers.
After when the officers presented their requests to the king, there was no resistance or opposition in a way that made them raise the ceiling of their requests.
The political conditions of Egypt before the revolution
One of the important events in the history of Egypt before the July revolution was the 1936 treaty signed by Mustafa Al-Nahhas, head of the Wafd Party, who was the head of the government at the time, and which was between Egypt and Britain. Among its provisions:
The withdrawal of the English army in Egypt takes place in two phases, each phase is ten years, meaning that the final withdrawal of the British forces will be in 1956.
To increase the number of the Egyptian army forces (all the officers who made the revolution of 52)
At the time when the 36 treaty was implemented, it achieved for Egypt - from the perspective of the Wafd Party - many gains, the most important of which were: It approved - with official British recognition - the independence of Egypt (Egypt is independent from Turkey since 1923 after the proclamation of the 1923 constitution) and also specified the status, location and duration of the presence of the soldiers and The English officers who are present in Egypt and who are supposed to withdraw permanently after twenty years of the treaty.
It increased the number of Egyptian army forces
February 4 42
One of the very important dramatic events in the history of the period was not in the history of modern Egypt as a whole, not for the importance of the event itself, but for the results that resulted in it, which in every sense of the word contributed to reshaping political thought from its foundation in Egypt, and this is on more than one axis, whether for King Farouk or for Mustafa Al-Nahhas Pasha or the Wafd Party in relation to political thought in general at the time.
In relation to King Farouk
The effect of the February 4 incident for King Farouk (King Farouk was very popular at that time) was that after he was besieged in the palace because of Sir Miles Lampson’s pressure on King Farouk, he appoints Mustafa al-Nahhas as head of the government (because the Wafd party at that time was taking a number of chairs In the parliamentary elections, it was from a legal, legal and democratic point of view, he was the one who was supposed to form the ministry), but King Farouk, who was at odds with Al-Wafd and Mustafa Al-Nahhas