Kherson (Ukrainian and Russian: Херсон) is an important city in southern Ukraine. Kherson is the capital of Kherson Oblast. Kherson is an important port on the Black Sea and the Dnieper River, as well as an important center for the shipbuilding industry. The population is 390,000 according to the 2007 census.
In 1737, during the Russo-Turkish War (1735-1739), a fortress was built for the army of Alexander the "Russian Shants" on the right bank of the Dnieper River.
After the victory in the Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774), there was a need to build a shipyard on the Black Sea to build a whole navy. An expedition was organized to locate the place, led by Vice Admiral I.N. Senyavin, commander of the Azov Fleet. It was he who suggested building the hulls of ships under the guise of fortifying the Alexandrovsky Trench, and then lowering them downstream, in the area of Deep Harbor, to equip them with guns, masts, etc. The plan "Synyavin" was approved in the highest version in December 1775.
Kherson is connected to the national railway network of Ukraine. There are daily long distance services to Kyiv, Lviv and other cities.
Kherson has Kherson International Airport
In Kherson, 77 secondary schools and 5 colleges. There are 15 institutions of higher education.
Kherson State University of Agriculture
Kherson State University
Kherson National Technical University
International University of Business and Law
The most important sights
St. Catherine's Cathedral was built in the 1880s, presumably by Ivan Starov's designs, and contains the tomb of Prince Potemkin.
Jewish Cemetery - Kherson has a large Jewish community that was founded in the middle of the 19th century. From 1959 until 1990 there was no synagogue in Kherson. Since then, Jewish life and Kherson have grown and developed in an atmosphere of peace. However, the Jewish cemetery regularly suffered from acts of vandalism. Graves were repeatedly covered with rubbish and tombstones destroyed and desecrated. On April 6, 2012, vandalism occurred in the Jewish cemetery on one of the most important holidays in the Jewish calendar, [[the Jewish Passover]. The deliberately ignited fire immediately spread over an area of about 700 square meters and severely damaged graves and tombstones. Kherson TV Tower - Building Famous located in the city.
Edzyugol Lighthouse - a structure designed by "V.G. Shakhov" in 1911.
Kherson administrative site