Damietta Governorate is one of the governorates of Egypt. The governorate is in the northeastern part of the country, with a population of more than one million people, and its capital is the city of Damietta. The capital of the governorate is famous for its guava plantations, in addition to the palm trees that fill the coast from Ras El Bar in the east to Gamasa in the west. The governorate exports millions of palm trees to many countries every year, including Greece and China. Damietta produces wheat, cotton, rice, potatoes, lemons, grapes and tomatoes, and the governorate is famous for making sweets, canning sardines, making fine wood furniture that is exported to all countries of the world, and manufacturing Damietta cheese. The governorate owns one of the oldest resorts in Egypt, the city of Ras El Bar, which has the meeting point of the Nile River and the Mediterranean Sea. The craft of fishing is one of the most important crafts in the governorate, and a large number of people work there, especially coastal residents, and the symbol of the boat in the governorate’s logo represents the widespread craft of fishing. with it.
"The history of Damietta Governorate goes back to the Pharaonic era, Lower Egypt. It was divided into 20 provinces, and Damietta was known in ancient Egyptian texts by the name Damietta, meaning "the inhabitants of the port."
Damietta entered the Greek rule within the Egyptian cities, and this was from the first time Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 BC. M. It was in the Ptolemies until it was occupied by the Roman state in the year 30 BC. AD, and commercial and cultural relations increased between Damietta and the Greek people and a large number of scholars, writers and tourists Those who were interested in studying Egyptian history, archeology, customs and traditions, and were preferred under Greek rule for three centuries, were called by the Greeks "Tamia Tess".
And a battle took place in Damietta between the ruler of Macedonia Perdiccas and the forces of Ptolemy I to seize the sarcophagus of Alexander the Great  and transfer it to Macedonia to be buried there. And who won the first Ptolemy.
Damietta was a field providing them with yield, flax, and all agricultural crops, and they increased taxes on the population, and this increased the anger against the Romans and allowed revolutions to ignite against them. And when Christianity entered Egypt, churches spread in Damietta , especially during the reign of Emperor Constantine in the year 325 AD. It was a large bishop with a bishop who represented it in international religious conferences, and the name Tamiates was changed to “Tamiat” and its meaning in ancient Egyptian is the northern land that grows flax.
Egypt remained in the middle of the seventeenth century AD, an Arab state under Arab rule and Islam entered it, and Miqdad Ibn Al-Aswad was established by the armies of Amr Ibn Al-Aa