Syrian Arab Republic


October 28, 2021

Syria (the name comes from the Greek nomenclature for Syrians and Aramaic: Σύριοι |Syrioi|) (Syrian Arab Republic) is a Mediterranean country and borders with Lebanon, Turkey, Palestine, Iraq and Jordan. The geographical location of Syria is very sensitive, and throughout history it has always been exposed to foreign invasion and the transformation of its lands into war zones over which the army is fighting. Throughout history, Syria was not a country or a country, but a group of cities in the Levant, such as Damascus, Aleppo, Hama, and others, ruled by rulers independent of each other. It was ruled by the Egyptians, the Assyrians, the Babylonians and the Persians. It was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC. It was annexed by the Seleucids, the Romans seized it, and then the Arabs (635), the Mongols led by Hulagu (1259), and the Mongols led by Ghazan (1299). ) And Tamerlane invaded and destroyed its cities (1400), and the Crusaders seized parts of it, and Israel took the Golan from it (1967) and annexed it for itself. The capital of Syria is Damascus from 1943, which was also the capital of the Umayyads, and after them the Ayyubids ruled Syria until it was occupied by the Mongols led by Hulagu (1259), and then remained from 1260 to the Mamluk state in Egypt ruled by the deputies of the Sultan. Until it was captured by the Ottoman Turks (1516). After the Turks, it remained under the French mandate under the Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916), and then remained a state in 1946. In 2010, areas in Syria experienced a severe food shortage, so humanitarian organizations and the World Food Program of the United Nations established an air bridge to transport huge quantities of food. Syria covers an area of ​​185,180 square kilometers and has a population of 19.4 million. The most famous cities in Syria are: Damascus, Aleppo, Hama, Lattakia and Homs. And one of the largest rivers that supplies Syria with about 80% of its water is the Euphrates River, which originates in Turkey and crosses Iraq and finally flows into the Persian Gulf. Syria and Egypt, Abdel Nasser, worked alone in February 1958, and His Highness was the United Arab Republic, which did not live long. In 1961, a military coup took place in Syria, and it withdrew itself from the union, and from that time the Syrian Arab Republic remained. Syria has many races (such as Arabs, Turkmen, Druze, Armenians, Kurds and Assyrians) and different religions. Sunni Muslims 74% Other Muslims (such as Alawites and Druze) 16% Christians 10% (Roman Orthodox, Catholic, Maronite, Protestant and Catholic Latins) Jews (a small percentage in Damascus, Aleppo and Qamishli)


External Links

Food aid for Syria and the Palestinians Archived 2011-11-27 at the Wayback Machine. An emergency distribution of food to those affected by drought

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