November 28, 2021

France (French: France pronunciation: [fʁɑ̃s]; French Republic, French: République française pronunciation: [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is located in Western Europe and overlooks the Mediterranean Sea in the south, the North Sea, the English Channel in the north, and the Rhine River in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. France has borders with these countries: Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain. France was one of the largest colonial powers in the world from the beginning of the seventeenth century until the nineteenth century, and it was able to build for itself one of the largest empires in the world from West Africa to Southeast Asia and had a very big impact on the culture of the peoples it occupied. France is now a democratic, secular, presidential country, and its economy is the sixth largest in the world, and 82 million tourists and students from all over the world visit it in one year, and this is due to the high level of education in their universities, and it is one of the countries that founded the European Union. France is a nuclear power and one of the five countries that have permanent membership in the Security Council The capital of France is Paris, and its president now is Francois Hollande, and the official language for it is French, with an area of ​​674,843 square kilometers, making it the largest country in the European Union in area and a population of 64.5 million. France is the largest country in the European Union on the one hand, and the second largest country in Europe after Russia and Ukraine, and the second largest country in Europe if you consider its lands that are outside the European Union. France was a major power with strong economic, cultural, military and political influence.


Spain began the war against the First French Republic, which took place after the French revolutionaries disowned King Louis the St. Charles from power and declared France a republic. Then, in 1793, they executed him with two guillotines. King Louis the Alstasher was from the Bourbon family who ruled Spain. In 1794 Britain and Portugal declared war on Spain. And in the year 1799, Napoleon seized power after he staged a parliamentary coup with the support of the people and the army, and took advantage of the differences between Charles IV, King of Spain, and his son Fernando. In the year 1805, in the Battle of Trafalgar, the fleet of Great Britain defeated the fleet of France and Spain, and this was the end of the Spanish supremacy in the world seas in favor of Great Britain due to the disastrous economic situation and other reasons. The King of Spain abdicated the throne in favor of Napoleon's brother Joseph Bonaparte. One of the most important reasons is that the Treaty of Fontainebleau between Napoleon and Godoy led to the declaration of war against Britain and Portugal and the entry of French forces into the peninsula to invade Portugal, but with

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