Palestine

Article

May 21, 2022

Palestine is a geographical area on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean, and on the western side the Jordan River is based on the state of Israel and an area where Arabs live. Historically, it did not have specific borders for a long time, but I know that it always included the area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River, and was adjacent to Egypt from the east. Geographically, it consists of three areas Al-Ghor, and this is the Ukhdudi region that includes the Jordan River Basin and the Dead Sea. A wide plateau in the east is Samaria and in the south is Judea. Narrow coastal plain.

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Arab historians in the Middle Ages considered the region of Palestine to be part of the Levant, inhabited by Kabyles, and it was divided into businesses run by the states that ruled the eastern Mediterranean, such as the Ayyubid state and the Mamluk state. The area of ​​Palestine in its current geographic form has never existed in history as a country or a state except twice, once at the time of the Latin Kingdom of Beit al-Maqdis and once after the establishment of the State of Israel. Throughout history, this region witnessed many wars, battles, and conflicts between empires and kingdoms, and it was an open arena for battles between the armies of nations. The ancient conflicts in pre-Christian times were not because of sacred things, nor did they have religious dimensions, but were struggles over control of the eastern Mediterranean region. . The region of Palestine in itself was neither a country nor was it of great importance, except that it is a land of military battles in which armies fight each other, usually between the Asian armies that are going to Egypt and the Egyptian army that is going to Asia. Almost all the powers that appeared in the Near East controlled the area of ​​Palestine, such as the Egyptians, the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Persians, Alexander the Great and his successors with the Ptolemies of Egypt, the Seleucids, the Romans and the Byzantines. In the Middle Ages, this region preferred to play its ancient role as a battleground for nations, even if the conflicts took a religious form for hours, and major battles took place like the Battle of Hattin and the Battle of Ain Jalut and others, and it preferred this situation until the state of Israel was established in 1948. After the Egyptians expelled the Hyksos from Egypt around the year 1567 BC. They chased them and besieged them for several years in “Sharuhen” next to El-Arish in Sinai, until they expelled them outside the eastern borders of Egypt in the region of Palestine, which is believed to be the place from which they gathered or gathered. The era of Egyptian expansion in Asia began, and Egypt began to impose its control over the region of Palestine and Syria from the era of Thutmose I (1525-1512 BC), and during the reign of King Thutmose III (1504-1450 BC) its army reached the Euphrates, and The foundations of a vast Egyptian empire after what was left of Palestine