Qansuh Al-Ghouri

Article

January 20, 2022

Sultan Al-Malik Al-Ashrafy Abu Al-Nasr Qansuh from Berdi Al-Ghouri Al-Ashrafi Qaitbay. Sultan of the Mamluk state, the twenty-sixth tower and the penultimate one. He was enslaved by a sultan over Egypt on April 19, 1501, and he was about sixty years old and ruled until August 14, 1516, after he disappeared in the Battle of Marj Dabiq. Qansuh Al-Ghouri was originally a Mamluk of Sultan Al-Ashraf Qaitbay, and that is why he is called “Al-Ashrafy”. One of the most famous monuments in Cairo is the mosque and school known by his name in Al-Moez Li-Din Allah Street and Khan Al-Khalili. The Ghouriya neighborhood is named after him. His era saw the extension of Portuguese control over the Indian trade route through Ras al-Raja al-Salih, the emergence of the Shiite Safavids in Iran, and the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. He led the Egyptian army in August 1516 in the battle of Marj Dabiq against the Ottomans, who invaded the Levant and died of shock in the battle. And the Ottoman Turks colonized Egypt itself, and the Mamluk state that lasted and toured for two centuries and a half of time vanished, and with it the independence of Egypt, and it entered a dark era after the Turks isolated it from the outside world and the scientific and political developments that were taking place in Europe. The era of Sultan Al-Ghouri was the last era of Egypt's prosperity, and the end of this era was a very negative turning point for Egypt and its civilized future. The fall of Egypt in 1517 was a direct result of the spread of internal disturbances in Egypt, and at the same time the inability to understand the changes that took place on the map of the Middle East around Egypt and the emergence of new powers in Iran and Turkey revolving around a foothold to control the region. The martyr Sultan Al-Ashraf Tuman Bey, who ruled and held power after Al-Ghouri disappeared, tried to save Egypt and repel the Turkish invaders and resisted his epic resistance, but the Egyptian army was scattered in the Levant, so it was difficult for him to resist the huge Turkish army, but he did not surrender and preferred to resist heroically until the Arabs betrayed him and betrayed him And they handed it over to Selim I. The fall of Egypt at the hands of the Ottoman Turks was a great disaster by all standards, and the historian Ibn Iyas, who lived through the events, did not exaggerate when he described the tragedy:

The importance of the reign of Sultan Al-Ghawry

The reign of Sultan Al-Ghouri is considered one of the most important periods in the history of Egypt. The reason for this is that it was a period of great transformation that ended with the fall of a major state that ruled for two and a half centuries, the Mamluk state and foreign occupation. It is possible to compare this period with the reign of Cleopatra VII of Egypt, which ended with the fall of the Ptolemaic state and the occupation of Egypt through Year 30 BC. The period of the rule of the Gor

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