Karl Marx


May 21, 2022

Karl Heinrich Marx (born May 5, 1818 - died March 14, 1883) was a German philosopher, political economist, historian, and political theorist who propounded the Marxist theory and is credited with the founding of "scientific socialism". Marx and his colleague Friederich Engels wrote the book Capital. Karl Marx summarized his vision in the first pages of the Manifest des Kommunistichen Partei, which he published with Friedrich Engels in 1848. Marx was familiar with German philosophy, especially Hegel's philosophy, and everyday economic theories.

Physical interpretation of history

Karl Marx was not the first one to see that history is not made by the absolute mind alone, nor is it made by great men with their efforts, but is made by a process of internal social development in the entity of each nation. And a class struggle to reach power, and that the main factor that decides the fate of any nation is production and wealth, and that the one who owns the means of production is the one who rules and imposes his authority, but Karl Marx was the one who demonstrated and emphasized that the socio-economic factor is what moves history and A theoretical work in particular this. Marx's views on a materialist interpretation of history appeared in a small treatise he published in 1874 in Brussels, entitled Misere de la philosophy, in response to a treatise written by the traditional idealist P.G. Proudhon P.J. Pordon was entitled "The Philosophy of Misery", philosophy de la Misere. Before the letter “The Misery of Philosophy,” Marx and his colleague Engels had published in Brussels in 1848 the “Manifest des Kommunistichen Partei.” The manifesto was an explicit call for the workers of the world to revolutionize, take power, and establish a socialist or communist state. It was clear that Marx was not just a philosopher with an opinion and a pen, but he was also a proponent of a great political and social revolution, and evidence for this is that he established in the year 1868, when he was in London, the “International Workingmen’s Association”, usually known as “The First International” as a distinction of it About the second and third workers’ association that Lenin and his followers did after that. Karl Marx explained in his books the method of implementing his ideas, that is, the method of bringing about the socialist or communist revolution, and that is why his books are considered a basis for action when followed. Among the most important of these books are: “The Class Struggle in France from 1848 to 1850” Klassenkaempfe in Frankreikh 1848 bis 1850 (published between 1850 and 1859), “On Critique of Political Economy” Zur Kritik der politischen Oekonomie (published 1859), and his famous book. Das Kapital, whose first part appeared in 1867 and the second and third between 1885 and 1894 after his death. In this book, Marx presented a theory as