December 7, 2021

According to the 1971 constitution, Egypt is divided into administrative units that enjoy legal personality and are called a governorate. Now Egypt is divided into 29 governorates, the governorate remains the top of the pyramid of administrative divisions, which consists of (a governorate, a center, a city, a district (in cities, neighborhoods are divided into regions), villages). In every province, the president of the republic appoints a governor, who remains in charge of his province. Most of the governorates have a population density of more than 1,000 people per square kilometer. The governorates are either fully urban or rural, or a mixture of the two. The official distinction between urban and rural areas remains according to the lowest administrative divisions. The governorate is considered an entire urban area with no centers, and which are gatherings of a group of villages, all of which are like a city like this. And the largest of these cities is often the governorate. The governorate may all be a single large city, as in the case of Cairo and Alexandria.


On April 17, 2008, a republican decree was issued declaring Helwan and the city of October 6 independent governorates, and on December 9, 2009 a republican decree was issued to make Luxor a province alone. From April 13, 2011 6 October City and Helwan Maadoush governorates, Helwan remained affiliated to Cairo Governorate, and 6 October City was affiliated to Giza Governorate as they were.

History of the governorates in Egypt

The first to divide Egypt into administrative units was Napoleon Bonaparte, at the time of the French campaign, and he divided Egypt into 16 departments, and when Muhammad Ali Pasha took control, he divided the country into 14 districts and divided each district into centers.

Governorates of Egypt

Egypt is now divided into 27 governorates:

External Links

The Egyptian General Information Authority

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