Mohammed Saeed

Article

January 20, 2022

Muhammad Said Pasha (1822 - Alexandria, January 18, 1863). The fourth ruler of Egypt from the family of Muhammad Ali, his mother is the eye of life leading. The youngest son of Muhammad Ali Pasha and the governor of Egypt from 1854 until his death in 1863, Ferdinand de Lesseps was granted the concession of digging the Suez Canal, and he sold his Sudanese to Mexico to help the French in their war there. He made civilized achievements such as expanding the railway line and connecting it to Suez in 1858. He issued the land laws known as the “Saeeda Regulation” in 1858. He opened the doors of Egypt completely to foreign consular influence and neglected education, but despite that he cared about the army and allowed the children of village sheikhs to enter the army. Among them is Ahmed Orabi, and this caused him problems with his family and the Circassians who blamed him because, according to their vision, they equated the peasants with them, and in a big party on the occasion of the purification of his only son, Tosun, he resolved the matter, the people, the officers, and the wise men, and after the eating feast ended, he stood and said that he was an Egyptian One of the Egyptians decided that he was educating the children of Egypt, educating them, and promoting them so that the country’s government would remain in their hands. When the Khawajat heard these words, he had a big jolt and his words came down to them like a thunderbolt, and the Egyptians who were present were happy and thanked him and prayed for him. He lived in extravagance and extravagance until he owed. He died in Alexandria on January 18, 1863 and was buried next to his mother in the neighborhood of the Prophet Daniel in the great hall. He was succeeded by his nephew Ismail Pasha.

His wives and children

Now there is one of his family and his lineage is Prince Muhammad Farouk Sharif, he is the eldest grandson of Ahmed Sharif Pasha, the son of Mohamed Said Pasha. Same area in Alexandria

Education in his time

His era was called the era of abolition in education, like the era of Abbas I before him, but he differed from Abbas in that he loved foreigners and had a good relationship with Ferdinand de Lesseps But he preferred the same way of not paying attention to education, and this neglect culminated in closing the Diwan of Schools (Ministry of Education), which was established by his father Muhammad Ali in the year 1837. But he encouraged foreign schools, and the encouragement was material (they provided land, money and crops) and moral encouragement (they were allowed to open foreign schools throughout the country). 10 schools were established for the Greek, Italian and French communities in Cairo, Alexandria, Tanta and Mansoura, and they were intended for the children of foreigners who were living in Egypt Also, schools of religious associations and missionary missions were established, such as the “Good Shepherd” school and the “Girls of Charity” school. The American mission was allowed to build 8 schools in Cairo, Alexandria, and Fayoum, and all of them were girls’ schools only most important

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