Moscow

Article

May 21, 2022

Moscow (Russian: Москва́, pronunciation: [mɐˈskva] Moskva) is the capital and largest city in Russia and the largest city in all of Europe. Moscow is considered a political, religious, educational, economic and cultural center, not only in Russia, but also in the whole world. Moscow was built on the banks of the Moskva River in the middle of the European part of the Russian Federation for about a thousand years, and the Kremlin is located in which the President of Russia resides, and the Russian Parliament (Duma) and the Bolshoi Theater Moscow has a population of more than 10.5 million and has the largest number of billionaires in the world. At the same time, it is home to the mausoleum of Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik revolution, which was established to create a non-class society and everyone is equal. The name of a person from Moscow called Moskvit in Russian (москвич, moskvitʃ).

History

Moscow is named after the Moskva River in Old Russian: Москов град, literally meaning "the city on the banks of the Moskva River". The first mention of the name Moscow was in the year 1147, when Yuri Dolgoruky, Prince of Novgorod-Seversky, called and wrote to him saying, “Come to me, my brother, to Moscow.” Once, to protect the city. After plundering Moscow 1237-1238, when the Mongols burned the city and killed its inhabitants, Moscow regained its center and became the capital of the independent Vladimir-Suzdal Principality in 1327

Geography, time and climate

Location

Moscow is built on the banks of the Moskova River, which is more than 500 kilometers long and passes through the steppes of Eastern Europe in central Russia.

Government and administrative divisions

Government

In the center of Moscow is the Kremlin, which is the seat of power in the Russian Federation.

Architect

The architecture of Moscow is world-renowned. Among the famous buildings known are St. Basil's Cathedral, whose domes are in the shape of onions, and the Cathedral of Christ the Savior and the Seven Sisters.

Culture

One of the most important art museums in Moscow is the Tretyakov Gallery, which was founded by Pavel Tretyakov, a rich patron of art who loved to own works and masterpieces and donated a large private collection to the city in 1856. The Tretyakov Gallery opened in 1986 and houses a valuable collection of the most important works of Russian artists The bones are divided into two buildings. The old building is located on the southern bank of the Moskva River. Moscow is the center of Russian performing arts, including ballet and cinema. And Moscow has three and ninety theaters, 132 cinemas, and 24 concert halls. Among the most important theaters and ballet studios in Moscow are the Bolshoi Theatre, the Maly Theater and the Vakhtangov Theatre. Alla Pugacheva is one of the most famous singers in Moscow and Russia.

Heavens and landmarks

Moscow has 96